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Newsmotion - Technology http://newsmotion.org/taxonomy/term/39/all en Iranian Judiciary Sets 1-Month Deadline to Block Viber http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/iranian-judiciary-sets-1-month-deadline-block-viber <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Iranian Judiciary Sets 1-Month Deadline to Block Viber </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Sat, 09/20/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Iranian judiciary has&nbsp;<a href="http://www.radiofarda.com/content/o2-iran-social-media-judiciary/26597244.html">set</a>&nbsp;a one-month deadline for Hassan Rohani&#39;s government to block or to control messaging applications Viber, WhatsApp and TangoMe.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p>Iran judiciary sets 1-month deadline for communications ministry to block messaging apps <a href="https://twitter.com/Viber">@Viber</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/WhatsApp">@WhatsApp</a> &amp; <a href="https://twitter.com/TangoMe">@TangoMe</a></p> <p>— Sobhan Hassanvand (@Hassanvand) <a href="https://twitter.com/Hassanvand/status/513402186647490560">September 20, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <p class='gv-rss-footer'><span class='credit-text'><span class="contributor">Written by <a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/farid/' class='user-link' title='View all posts by Farid'>Farid</a></span></span> &middot; <span class="commentcount"><a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/20/iranian-judiciary-sets-1-month-deadline-to-block-viber/#comments" title="comments">comments (0) </a></span><br /><a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/donate/' title='read Donate' >Donate</a> &middot; <span class='share-links-text'><span class='share-links-label'>Share this: </span> <a class='share-link' href='http://twitter.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F20%2Firanian-judiciary-sets-1-month-deadline-to-block-viber%2F&#038;text=Iranian+Judiciary+Sets+1-Month+Deadline+to+Block+Viber&#038;via=globalvoices' id='gv-st_twitter' title='twitter' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>twitter</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://www.facebook.com/share.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F20%2Firanian-judiciary-sets-1-month-deadline-to-block-viber%2F' id='gv-st_facebook' title='facebook' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>facebook</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F20%2Firanian-judiciary-sets-1-month-deadline-to-block-viber%2F&#038;title=Iranian+Judiciary+Sets+1-Month+Deadline+to+Block+Viber' id='gv-st_reddit' title='reddit' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>reddit</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='https://plus.google.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F20%2Firanian-judiciary-sets-1-month-deadline-to-block-viber%2F' id='gv-st_googleplus' title='googleplus' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>googleplus</span></a></span> </p> <div style="display: block !important; margin:0 !important; padding: 0 !important" id="wpp_popup_post_end_element"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/20/iranian-judiciary-sets-1-month-deadline-to-block-viber/" target="_blank">http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/20/iranian-judiciary-sets-1-month-deadline...</a> </div> </div> </div> Citizen Farid Freedom of Speech Governance Iran Iran Middle East & North Africa Quick Reads Technology Sat, 20 Sep 2014 19:39:32 +0000 feed 333796 at http://newsmotion.org Strengthening Our Cyber Community http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/strengthening-our-cyber-community <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Strengthening Our Cyber Community </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Fri, 09/19/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p class="p1">Recently, a private-sector partner opined that it would be nice if the millions of dollars he was putting into defense wasn&rsquo;t defeated by a $500 tool easily rented online. It doesn&rsquo;t matter whether you&rsquo;re from a government agency, a contractor, or a retailer &ndash; no one seems to be immune to this problem.</p> <p class="p1">But there are some relatively simple steps that we can take to make those investments more effective against the $500 tool. Just as a neighborhood bands together to raise its collective safety, we can work as a community to strengthen our collective defenses to make it harder for those who wish to cause harm.&nbsp;</p> <p class="p1">First, we can broaden how we think about cybersecurity to make our defenses more effective. The Cybersecurity Framework issued earlier this year helps us do that. The Framework&rsquo;s greatest strength is that it is deeply rooted in how businesses actually manage risk in the real world. In taking a risk management approach, the Framework recognizes that no organization can or will spend unlimited amounts on cybersecurity. Instead, it enables a business to make decisions about how to prioritize and optimize its cybersecurity investments.</p> <p><a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/09/18/strengthening-our-cyber-community" target="_blank">read more</a></p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/09/18/strengthening-our-cyber-community" target="_blank">http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/09/18/strengthening-our-cyber-community</a> </div> </div> </div> <a href= Cybersecurity Michael Daniel Official Technology White House Fri, 19 Sep 2014 19:17:00 +0000 feed 333243 at http://newsmotion.org New Executive Actions to Combat Antibiotic Resistance and Protect Public Health http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/new-executive-actions-combat-antibiotic-resistance-and-protect-public-health <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> New Executive Actions to Combat Antibiotic Resistance and Protect Public Health </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Thu, 09/18/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Today, the Obama administration is announcing a comprehensive set of new federal actions to combat the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and protect public health. Additionally, the President&rsquo;s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) is releasing a related report on <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/09/18/pcast-releases-new-report-combating-antibiotic-resistance">Combating Antibiotic Resistance</a>.</p> <p>The discovery of antibiotics in the early 20th&nbsp;century fundamentally transformed medicine; antibiotics now save millions of lives each year in the United States and around the world. Yet bacteria repeatedly exposed to the same antibiotics can become resistant to even the most potent drugs. These so-called antibiotic-resistant bacteria can present a serious threat to public health, national security, and the economy.</p> <p>In fact, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, antibiotic-resistant infections are associated with an additional 23,000 deaths and 2 million illnesses in the United States each year. The estimated annual impact of antibiotic-resistant infections on the national economy is $20 billion in excess direct health care costs, and as much as $35 billion in lost productivity from hospitalizations and sick days. Antibiotics are also critical to many modern medical interventions, including chemotherapy, surgery, dialysis, and organ transplantation.</p> <p><a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/09/18/new-executive-actions-combat-antibiotic-resistance-and-protect-public-health" target="_blank">read more</a></p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/09/18/new-executive-actions-combat-antibiotic-resistance-and-protect-public-health" target="_blank">http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/09/18/new-executive-actions-combat-antibioti...</a> </div> </div> </div> John P. Holdren Lisa Monaco Dr. John P. Holdren Official Technology The President United States United States White House Thu, 18 Sep 2014 18:33:00 +0000 feed 332703 at http://newsmotion.org Using Mobile Phones to Connect Pregnant Women and Midwives in Timor Leste http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/using-mobile-phones-connect-pregnant-women-and-midwives-timor-leste <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Using Mobile Phones to Connect Pregnant Women and Midwives in Timor Leste </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Wed, 09/17/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="http://www.ligainan.org/"><img src="http://globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/ligainan.png" alt="ligainan" width="588" height="497" class="aligncenter size-full wp-image-490219" /></a>Liga Inan is using mobile phones to <a href="http://www.ligainan.org/">connect</a> pregnant women and health workers in Timor Leste. The innovative program provides mothers with vital information and health advice to ensure the safe delivery of babies. Since its launch, almost 2,000 mothers have been already enrolled in the program.</p> <p class='gv-rss-footer'><span class='credit-text'><span class="contributor">Written by <a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/mong/' class='user-link' title='View all posts by Mong Palatino'>Mong Palatino</a></span></span> &middot; <span class="commentcount"><a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/18/using-mobile-phones-to-connect-pregnant-women-and-midwives-in-timor-leste/#comments" title="comments">comments (0) </a></span><br /><a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/donate/' title='read Donate' >Donate</a> &middot; <span class='share-links-text'><span class='share-links-label'>Share this: </span> <a class='share-link' href='http://twitter.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F18%2Fusing-mobile-phones-to-connect-pregnant-women-and-midwives-in-timor-leste%2F&#038;text=Using+Mobile+Phones+to+Connect+Pregnant+Women+and+Midwives+in+Timor+Leste&#038;via=globalvoices' id='gv-st_twitter' title='twitter' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>twitter</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://www.facebook.com/share.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F18%2Fusing-mobile-phones-to-connect-pregnant-women-and-midwives-in-timor-leste%2F' id='gv-st_facebook' title='facebook' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>facebook</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F18%2Fusing-mobile-phones-to-connect-pregnant-women-and-midwives-in-timor-leste%2F&#038;title=Using+Mobile+Phones+to+Connect+Pregnant+Women+and+Midwives+in+Timor+Leste' id='gv-st_reddit' title='reddit' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>reddit</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='https://plus.google.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F18%2Fusing-mobile-phones-to-connect-pregnant-women-and-midwives-in-timor-leste%2F' id='gv-st_googleplus' title='googleplus' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>googleplus</span></a></span> </p> <div style="display: block !important; margin:0 !important; padding: 0 !important" id="wpp_popup_post_end_element"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/18/using-mobile-phones-to-connect-pregnant-women-and-midwives-in-timor-leste/" target="_blank">http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/18/using-mobile-phones-to-connect-pregnant...</a> </div> </div> </div> Citizen East Asia East Timor English Good News Health Ideas Mong Palatino Quick Reads Technology Women & Gender Thu, 18 Sep 2014 03:36:20 +0000 feed 332676 at http://newsmotion.org Uber's mission? 'Transportation as reliable as running water' http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/ubers-mission-transportation-reliable-running-water <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Uber&#039;s mission? &#039;Transportation as reliable as running water&#039; </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Wed, 09/17/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p class="cnn_first"><strong><em>Watch &#034;Fareed Zakaria GPS,&#034; Sundays at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN</em></strong></p> <p>Travis Kalanick – You may not know his name, but you probably are well aware of the company he founded and runs, Uber. The company is a tech darling with an astounding valuation of $18 billion. That company has changed the way people get around cities from Raleigh-Durham to Rio to Riyadh, from Stockholm to Sydney to Seoul.</p> <p>In all, Uber is in 200 cities in 45 countries on six continents and counting. But not everybody loves Uber or the disruption in the transportation market. Germany, for one, just banned Uber from operating anywhere on its soil. Fareed sat down in Uber&#039;s &#034;war room&#034; at its San Francisco headquarters.</p> <p>Watch the video for Kalanick&#039;s explanation of what Uber is trying to achieve.</p><br /> <a rel="nofollow" href="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/gocomments/cnngps.wordpress.com/30353/"><img alt="" border="0" src="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/comments/cnngps.wordpress.com/30353/" /></a> <a rel="nofollow" href="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/godelicious/cnngps.wordpress.com/30353/"><img alt="" border="0" src="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/delicious/cnngps.wordpress.com/30353/" /></a> <a rel="nofollow" href="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/gofacebook/cnngps.wordpress.com/30353/"><img alt="" border="0" src="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/facebook/cnngps.wordpress.com/30353/" /></a> <a rel="nofollow" href="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/gotwitter/cnngps.wordpress.com/30353/"><img alt="" border="0" src="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/twitter/cnngps.wordpress.com/30353/" /></a> <a rel="nofollow" href="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/gostumble/cnngps.wordpress.com/30353/"><img alt="" border="0" src="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/stumble/cnngps.wordpress.com/30353/" /></a> <a rel="nofollow" href="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/godigg/cnngps.wordpress.com/30353/"><img alt="" border="0" src="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/digg/cnngps.wordpress.com/30353/" /></a> <a rel="nofollow" href="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/goreddit/cnngps.wordpress.com/30353/"><img alt="" border="0" src="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/reddit/cnngps.wordpress.com/30353/" /></a> <img alt="" border="0" src="http://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=globalpublicsquare.blogs.cnn.com&#038;blog=17571933&#038;post=30353&#038;subd=cnngps&#038;ref=&#038;feed=1" width="1" height="1" /> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalpublicsquare.blogs.cnn.com/2014/09/17/ubers-mission-transportation-as-reliable-as-running-water/" target="_blank">http://globalpublicsquare.blogs.cnn.com/2014/09/17/ubers-mission-transportation-...</a> </div> </div> </div> Citizen CNN's Jason Miks Germany GPS Show jasonmiks San Francisco Seoul Stockholm Sydney Technology Wed, 17 Sep 2014 16:15:44 +0000 feed 332201 at http://newsmotion.org Covert Surveillance ‘Project Speargun’ Fires Up New Zealand Election http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/covert-surveillance-%E2%80%98project-speargun%E2%80%99-fires-new-zealand-election <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Covert Surveillance ‘Project Speargun’ Fires Up New Zealand Election </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Tue, 09/16/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>ANNA MAJAVU of<a href="http://www.pmc.aut.ac.nz/pacific-media-watch/nz-pm-key-accused-allowing-secret-spook-cable-sensors-spy-citizens-8969" target="_blank"> Pacific Media Watch</a> reports for <a href="http://thedailyblog.co.nz/2014/09/16/pm-key-accused-of-allowing-secret-spook-cable-sensors-to-spy-on-citizens/" target="_blank">The Daily Blog</a> on an extraordinary event in Auckland on 15 September 2014: </p> <blockquote><p>NEW ZEALAND Prime Minister John Key has been accused of allowing the secret installation of equipment that would enable spooks to tap into New Zealand’s undersea fibre optic cable as part of a covert mass surveillance system of citizens.</p> <p>This was the word from globally acclaimed whistleblower Edward Snowden and Wikileaks founder Julian Assange (both speaking via video link), Kim Dotcom and US Pulitzer prize-winner Glenn Greenwald last night at a packed meeting of more than 2000 people in Auckland.</p></blockquote> <p class='gv-rss-footer'><span class='credit-text'><span class="contributor">Written by <a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/kevin-rennie/' class='user-link' title='View all posts by Kevin Rennie'>Kevin Rennie</a></span></span> &middot; <span class="commentcount"><a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/16/covert-surveillance-project-speargun-fires-up-new-zealand-election/#comments" title="comments">comments (1) </a></span><br /><a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/donate/' title='read Donate' >Donate</a> &middot; <span class='share-links-text'><span class='share-links-label'>Share this: </span> <a class='share-link' href='http://twitter.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F16%2Fcovert-surveillance-project-speargun-fires-up-new-zealand-election%2F&#038;text=Covert+Surveillance+%27Project+Speargun%27+Fires+Up+New+Zealand+Election&#038;via=globalvoices' id='gv-st_twitter' title='twitter' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>twitter</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://www.facebook.com/share.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F16%2Fcovert-surveillance-project-speargun-fires-up-new-zealand-election%2F' id='gv-st_facebook' title='facebook' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>facebook</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F16%2Fcovert-surveillance-project-speargun-fires-up-new-zealand-election%2F&#038;title=Covert+Surveillance+%27Project+Speargun%27+Fires+Up+New+Zealand+Election' id='gv-st_reddit' title='reddit' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>reddit</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='https://plus.google.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F16%2Fcovert-surveillance-project-speargun-fires-up-new-zealand-election%2F' id='gv-st_googleplus' title='googleplus' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>googleplus</span></a></span> </p> <div style="display: block !important; margin:0 !important; padding: 0 !important" id="wpp_popup_post_end_element"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/16/covert-surveillance-project-speargun-fires-up-new-zealand-election/" target="_blank">http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/16/covert-surveillance-project-speargun-fi...</a> </div> </div> </div> Auckland Australia Citizen Élections English International Relations Kevin Rennie new zealand New Zealand Oceania Politics Quick Reads Technology U.S.A. Tue, 16 Sep 2014 17:38:35 +0000 feed 331550 at http://newsmotion.org Was a Popular Saint Lucia Blog Taken Down by Google Hateful or Just Outspoken? http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/was-popular-saint-lucia-blog-taken-down-google-hateful-or-just-outspoken <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Was a Popular Saint Lucia Blog Taken Down by Google Hateful or Just Outspoken? </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Tue, 09/16/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="http://thefloggblog.blogspot.com/2014/09/who-shut-down-flogg-blog.html"><img class="aligncenter size-full wp-image-489824" alt="lucian" src="http://globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/lucian.jpg" width="490" height="490" /></a></p> <p>Writer and actor Jason Sifflet&#39;s popular Saint Lucia-based&nbsp;<a href="http://thefloggblog.blogspot.com/">Flogg Blog</a>&nbsp;was taken down by Google for violating its terms of service before being restored last week. The no-holds-barred, muckraking blog had become both notorious and controversial among people interested in local politics.</p> <p>Sifflet reported<a href="https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=752812734779517&amp;set=a.141026479291482.26270.100001523932494&amp;type=1"> the removal of the blog in a series of posts on his Facebook page</a>:</p> <blockquote><p>4am SATURDAY, AUGUST 30: When the other NEG left the tower, I went back to my mocambo and got out my cyber-drum. Imagine my surprise to find that GOOGLE had burnt my cyber-fort THE FLOGG BLOG to the ground. No warning. No prior notification. Just an email saying:&nbsp;</p> <p>Hello, Your blog at&nbsp;<a href="http://thefloggblog.blogspot.com/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow nofollow">http://<wbr></wbr>thefloggblog.blogspot.com/</a>&nbsp;has been reviewed and confirmed as in violation of our Terms of Service for: HATE.</p> <p>In accordance to these terms, we&#39;ve removed the blog and the URL is no longer accessible. For more information, please review the following resources:</p> <p>Terms of Service:&nbsp;<a href="http://www.blogger.com/go/terms" target="_blank" rel="nofollow nofollow">http://www.blogger.com/go/<wbr></wbr>terms</a>&nbsp;</p> <p>Blogger Content Policy:<a href="http://blogger.com/go/contentpolicy" target="_blank" rel="nofollow nofollow">http://blogger.com/go/<wbr></wbr>contentpolicy</a>&nbsp;</p> <p>-The Blogger Team&nbsp;</p></blockquote> <p>Sifflet, still considered an enfant terrible despite a career that spans nearly two decades, had a dedicated following and&nbsp;The Flogg Blog&#39;s sudden demise has been a major topic of discussion in both mainstream and social media on the Caribbean island, with much speculation on what motivated the blog&#39;s removal. The Flogg Blog&#39;s contents ranged from investigative reporting to acerbic satirical pieces, all written in a freewheeling, profane style which was usually leavened with profanity. Sifflet&#39;s blog included investigations into mismanagement at several statutory boards, including the <a href="http://stlucianow.com/contact">Saint Lucia Tourist Board</a>, which were particularly controversial.</p> <p>Sifflet discussed The Flogg Blog and his career in a lengthy interview a few days before the blog was taken down:</p> <p><iframe src="//www.youtube.com/embed/asCjNlwMPYo" height="315" width="560" allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0"></iframe></p> <p>Norbert Williams believed the controversy will have a &#8220;Streisand effect&#8221;,&nbsp;<a href="http://blog.onelucian.com/2014/09/the-motherflogger-has-been-flogged-but.html">making Sifflet&#39;s work even more prominent</a>:</p> <blockquote> <div>The&nbsp;<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streisand_effect" target="_blank">Streisand effect</a>&nbsp;is the phenomenon whereby an attempt to hide, remove, or censor a piece of information has the unintended consequence of publicizing the information more widely, usually facilitated by the Internet. It is named after American entertainer Barbra Streisand, whose 2003 attempt to suppress photographs of her residence in Malibu, California inadvertently generated further publicity of it.&nbsp;</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>If Jason Sifflet&#39;s FloggBlog had been popular before last Saturday, the take down from the Google servers because of a purported &#8216;HATE&#8217; report has only increased its popularity and an unquenched desire, by all and sundry, to read it from end to end in an attempt to decipher who is behind such a dastardly deed. Nevertheless, the conclusion by everyone and their dog is that it was perpetrated by some stinking politician because it certainly wasn&#39;t by Fidel Castro! They&#39;re just all confused as to which one.</div> </blockquote> <p>&nbsp;Williams added that Sifflet has merely exposed the topics that many Saint Lucians already discuss privately:</p> <blockquote><p>The Flogg Blog has shaken things up in St. Lucia. Even though it was not articulated in mainstream media, much of what Jason wrote has been thought of and discussed by many St. Lucians. They talked about the Flogg Blog at work, on Facebook, in emails, some mother-floggers even stayed up late at night unable to sleep because of the details and damning information contained within.</p></blockquote> <p>Kevin Edmonds suspected that Sifflet&#39;s harsh criticism of the<a href="http://www.kevin-edmonds.info/2014/09/in-st-lucia-freedom-of-speech-is-not.html"> tourism industry is what may landed him in trouble</a>&nbsp;(A few days after the Flogg Blog was taken down,<a href="https://www.facebook.com/jsifflet/posts/754169897977134"> Sifflet announced on Facebook that his wife had lost her job </a>at a local hotel)&nbsp;:&nbsp;</p> <blockquote><p>A series of recent posts on the Flogg Blog sharply critiqued the St. Lucian tourism industry, discussing such topics as high level corruption, crime, money laundering and bluntly stating that it is creating an apartheid like system on the island. Heavy stuff, no doubt – but it was excellent, much needed stuff.&nbsp;&nbsp;You do not find this kind of pointed critique in The Star, The Voice or the Mirror. This is because one would be a fool to think that the mainstream media in St. Lucia or anywhere else is divorced from power. It acts as little more than public relations for the power – allowing critique to fall within a very narrow, previously agreed upon spectrum. Go outside of that and you are in trouble. See Jason Sifflet as Exhibit A.</p></blockquote> <p>He continued:</p> <blockquote> <div><b><i>What we are seeing with the case of the Flogg Blog is that the interpretation of what constitutes hate speech is actually violating freedom of speech on the island and the wider internet in general.</i></b>&nbsp;Whether or not you agree with the Flogg Blog – that is not the point – it is that his right to say it is under attack.</div> <div>An important part of the definition of hate speech is that it &#8216;intimidates a protected individual or group&#39;. Protected individual or group? Who is being protected from who? The powerful are being protected from the people? You don’t say!</div> </blockquote> <p>In contrast, Tonjaka Ewart Kho-Hinkson noted that because Google is a private company that can make and enforce its own rules about content created by its users, the removal of Sifflet&#39;s blog, while problematic,&nbsp;<a href="https://www.facebook.com/groups/282803341756900/permalink/729329600437603/">actually may not constitute a violation of free speech</a>:</p> <blockquote><p>The right to free speech DOES NOT exist between two private actors such as between two persons or two companies or any combination thereof. So you do not have a right to say whatever you like on my property, for example. [...] The Flogg Blogg does not have a &#8216;right&#8217; to free speech where the exercise of that right is being enforced against Google (a company) who is a private actor. In fact, it wouldn&#39;t be enforceable against Facebook for that matter. So unless it can be shown that the views contained within the Flogg Blogg are censored after being expressed on a domain owned and controlled by the Flogg Blogg itself, and censorship is conducted by the state, then there is no attack on free speech here. This is a wrong [assertion] in law.</p></blockquote> <p>Hinkson addressed the likelihood of Google acting under the instructions of government officials:</p> <blockquote><p>In the interesting case of the SLU government putting pressure on google to take down the blog, if there were any evidence of this, then this still would not amount to a violation of Article 10 of the St. Lucia constitution. Only if that pressure gave google no choice other than to remove the blog would there be a violation. But my guess is that google is not beholden to the whims of the St. Lucia government, and it would have to be shown that google would have been significantly affected financially by that pressure.&nbsp;</p></blockquote> <p>Hinkson stated that he has advised Sifflet to purchase his own domain name. In the mean time, Sifflet continued his work on a<a href="http://disflogg.wordpress.com/">&nbsp;new blog on a different platform</a> and began an attempt to uncover the reasons for the Flogg Blog being taken down.</p> <p>Interestingly, the blog was <a href="http://thefloggblog.blogspot.com/">restored on the Google platform</a> on September 11. Global Voices got in touch with Sifflet to determine whether he was given any explanation for The Flogg Blog being taken down in the first place. This is what he said:</p> <blockquote><p>The email of Sat Aug 31 3:35 am informed me that the blog was deleted for TOS hate [violating <a href="http://www.blogger.com/content.g?hl=en">Google's Terms of Service</a> concerning hate speech on the Blogger platform]. It was one paragraph, very simple, no warning. By nine the next morning, I had a few calls that ratted out some culprits. One name remained the same and other names kinda changed. But the suspects were all political lawyers and statcorp CEOs – i.e. people who felt attacked by the blog.</p> <p>By this time, I had already appealed for review through the help forums. But it was discouraging cos I couldn’t get a human response. Just automated response.</p> <p>Automated response after automated response for days.</p> <p>But then, a couple of American lawyers came out of the woodwork to bat for me on the other side. And a couple of Lucians had a friend of a friend in Google who might be able to check. The field research over the next few days revealed some surprising things which will take some time to work out.</p> <p>So Wednesday, afternoon, I think, after I set up the new DIS Flogg and started republishing old Tourist board articles, just to fuck with the people I know fucked with me…Google reinstates the FLOGG with a simple message saying it was like a mistake of an automated scan.</p> <p>In any case, I drop one story from each blog, just to be a dick and then, SOURCE B at Google calls me for an unofficial source, he sounds really formal and official with me.</p> <p>&#8216;This was a mistake. It should never have happened. It seems there was a community complaint which should not have been dealt with at the level it was. As a result, your blog has been flagged so that this never happens again. In fact, if there are new complaints, they have to bee forwarded higher up the chain than the regular blog, because of this incident. This was a big mistake. Your blog contains nothing that is hateful or violates free speech. This should never have happened.&#8217;</p> <p>Our conversation went like this for 20 minutes.</p> <p>All the while, I’m trying to get him to give me transcripts and identities, but he is insisting the same way I have freedom of speech, so do the people who complained and Google guaranteed them anonymity, which means the lawyers who are helping me now have a very well defined assignment on their hands.</p></blockquote> <p>Sifflet&#39;s story provides an instructive example of a case that pits speech and privacy rights against one another, and of a situation in which further inquiry with the decision-maker (Google, in this case) led to a strong outcome.</p> <p>To learn more about blogging and social media content removals and appeals processes for these kinds of incidents, read <a href="https://cdt.org/files/pdfs/Report_on_Account_Deactivation_and_Content_Removal.pdf">&#8220;Account Deactivation and Content Removal: Guiding Principles and Practices for Companies and Users,&#8221;</a> a collaborative report by the Center for Democracy &amp; Technology and the Berkman Center.</p> <p class='gv-rss-footer'><span class='credit-text'><span class="contributor">Written by <a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/matthew-hunte/' class='user-link' title='View all posts by Matthew Hunte'>Matthew Hunte</a></span></span> &middot; <span class="commentcount"><a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/16/was-popular-saint-lucia-blog-hateful-or-just-outspoken/#comments" title="comments">comments (2) </a></span><br /><a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/donate/' title='read Donate' >Donate</a> &middot; <span class='share-links-text'><span class='share-links-label'>Share this: </span> <a class='share-link' href='http://twitter.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F16%2Fwas-popular-saint-lucia-blog-hateful-or-just-outspoken%2F&#038;text=Was+a+Popular+Saint+Lucia+Blog+Taken+Down+by+Google+Hateful+or+Just+Outspoken%3F&#038;via=globalvoices' id='gv-st_twitter' title='twitter' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>twitter</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://www.facebook.com/share.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F16%2Fwas-popular-saint-lucia-blog-hateful-or-just-outspoken%2F' id='gv-st_facebook' title='facebook' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>facebook</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F16%2Fwas-popular-saint-lucia-blog-hateful-or-just-outspoken%2F&#038;title=Was+a+Popular+Saint+Lucia+Blog+Taken+Down+by+Google+Hateful+or+Just+Outspoken%3F' id='gv-st_reddit' title='reddit' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>reddit</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='https://plus.google.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F16%2Fwas-popular-saint-lucia-blog-hateful-or-just-outspoken%2F' id='gv-st_googleplus' title='googleplus' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>googleplus</span></a></span> </p> <div style="display: block !important; margin:0 !important; padding: 0 !important" id="wpp_popup_post_end_element"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/16/was-popular-saint-lucia-blog-hateful-or-just-outspoken/" target="_blank">http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/16/was-popular-saint-lucia-blog-hateful-or...</a> </div> </div> </div> California Caribbean censorship Citizen Citizen Media Development Digital Activism Economics & Business English Freedom of Speech Global Voices Advocacy Matthew Hunte Politics Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Technology Weblog Tue, 16 Sep 2014 13:28:30 +0000 feed 331555 at http://newsmotion.org Welcoming the Third Class of Presidential Innovation Fellows http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/welcoming-third-class-presidential-innovation-fellows <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Welcoming the Third Class of Presidential Innovation Fellows </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Mon, 09/15/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ed. note: This is cross-posted on the U.S. General Services Administration&#39;s blog. See the original post <a href="http://gsablogs.gsa.gov/gsablog/2014/09/15/welcoming-the-third-class-of-presidential-innovation-fellows/">here</a>.</p> <p><img alt="PIF logo" src="/sites/default/files/image/pif-logo_0.jpg" /></p> <p>We recently welcomed the newest group of Presidential Innovation Fellows into the federal government. This diverse group represents some of the nation&rsquo;s most talented and creative civic-minded innovators.</p> <p>More than 1,000 candidates applied to serve the country in this unique capacity. From this pool of amazing and incredibly motivated applicants, we selected almost 30 designers, developers, entrepreneurs, and executives to bring their unique skills into government.</p> <p><a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/innovationfellows/meet-the-fellows">You can learn more about this inspiring group of Fellows here.</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/09/15/welcoming-third-class-presidential-innovation-fellows" target="_blank">read more</a></p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/09/15/welcoming-third-class-presidential-innovation-fellows" target="_blank">http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/09/15/welcoming-third-class-presidential-inn...</a> </div> </div> </div> Garren Givens Garren Givens Ryan Panchadsaram Innovations Official Ryan Panchadsaram Technology White House Mon, 15 Sep 2014 18:39:25 +0000 feed 331572 at http://newsmotion.org One of the Latest ‘Happy’ Tribute Videos Comes From Sikkim, High in India's Himalayas http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/one-latest-%E2%80%98happy%E2%80%99-tribute-videos-comes-sikkim-high-indias-himalayas <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> One of the Latest ‘Happy’ Tribute Videos Comes From Sikkim, High in India&#039;s Himalayas </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Fri, 09/12/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div id="attachment_489462" class="wp-caption aligncenter" style="width: 800px"><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WS8Tden_XgQ"><img class="size-featured_image_large wp-image-489462" alt="Screenshot from the video Happy Sikkim uploaded by Sushmita Pakhrin" src="http://globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Screen-Shot-Happy-800x450.jpg" width="800" height="450" /></a><p class="wp-caption-text">Screenshot from the video &#8220;Happy Sikkim&#8221; uploaded by Sushmita Pakhrin</p></div> <p>The song <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Happy_(Pharrell_Williams_song)">&#8220;Happy&#8221;</a>, written, produced, and performed by American singer and producer Pharrell Williams, became a viral phenomenon earlier this year as countless tribute videos filmed around the world were uploaded online.</p> <p>Better late than never, <a href="http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCxH1P-nNsMZkgPw44nxP90A">Sushmita Pakhrin</a>&nbsp;of Lens Craft Production has made a version for <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sikkim">Sikkim</a>, a landlocked northeast Indian state located in the Himalayan mountains.</p> <p>The <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WS8Tden_XgQ">video</a> was uploaded to YouTube on August 28, 2014, and received accolades for the high quality production.</p> <p><iframe width="500" height="281" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/WS8Tden_XgQ?feature=oembed" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p>Ms. Pakhrin <a href="http://sikkimnow.blogspot.in/2014/08/happy-sikkim-video-release.html">commented</a>&nbsp;in an interview with online news site Sikkim Now:</p> <blockquote><p>We have tried to showcase the scenic beauty of Sikkim along with well-known and upcoming artists of the state.</p></blockquote> <p class='gv-rss-footer'><span class='credit-text'><span class="contributor">Written by <a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/rezwan/' class='user-link' title='View all posts by Rezwan'>Rezwan</a></span></span> &middot; <span class="commentcount"><a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/13/one-of-the-latest-happy-tribute-videos-comes-from-sikkim-high-in-indias-himalayas/#comments" title="comments">comments (1) </a></span><br /><a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/donate/' title='read Donate' >Donate</a> &middot; <span class='share-links-text'><span class='share-links-label'>Share this: </span> <a class='share-link' href='http://twitter.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F13%2Fone-of-the-latest-happy-tribute-videos-comes-from-sikkim-high-in-indias-himalayas%2F&#038;text=One+of+the+Latest+%27Happy%27+Tribute+Videos+Comes+From+Sikkim%2C+High+in+India%27s+Himalayas&#038;via=globalvoices' id='gv-st_twitter' title='twitter' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>twitter</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://www.facebook.com/share.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F13%2Fone-of-the-latest-happy-tribute-videos-comes-from-sikkim-high-in-indias-himalayas%2F' id='gv-st_facebook' title='facebook' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>facebook</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F13%2Fone-of-the-latest-happy-tribute-videos-comes-from-sikkim-high-in-indias-himalayas%2F&#038;title=One+of+the+Latest+%27Happy%27+Tribute+Videos+Comes+From+Sikkim%2C+High+in+India%27s+Himalayas' id='gv-st_reddit' title='reddit' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>reddit</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='https://plus.google.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F13%2Fone-of-the-latest-happy-tribute-videos-comes-from-sikkim-high-in-indias-himalayas%2F' id='gv-st_googleplus' title='googleplus' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>googleplus</span></a></span> </p> <div style="display: block !important; margin:0 !important; padding: 0 !important" id="wpp_popup_post_end_element"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/13/one-of-the-latest-happy-tribute-videos-comes-from-sikkim-high-in-indias-himalayas/" target="_blank">http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/13/one-of-the-latest-happy-tribute-videos-...</a> </div> </div> </div> Citizen Citizen Media English Humor Ideas India International Relations Rezwan South Asia Technology Video Weblog Sat, 13 Sep 2014 00:44:19 +0000 feed 330297 at http://newsmotion.org Right to Be Forgotten: With Free Expression Under Threat, Europe Needs a ‘Marco Civil Moment’ http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/right-be-forgotten-free-expression-under-threat-europe-needs-%E2%80%98marco-civil-moment%E2%80%99 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Right to Be Forgotten: With Free Expression Under Threat, Europe Needs a ‘Marco Civil Moment’ </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Thu, 09/11/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div id="attachment_489607" class="wp-caption aligncenter" style="width: 800px"><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitey_Bulger#mediaviewer/File:James_J._Bulger_-_1959_mugshot.jpg"><img class="size-full wp-image-489607" alt="Mugshot for American organized crime leader James &quot;Whitey&quot; Bulger. Criminal data like this could be subject to de-indexation under the RTBF ruling. Photo by Bureau of Prisons, released to public domain." src="http://globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/WhiteyBulgermugshot.jpg" width="800" height="537" /></a><p class="wp-caption-text">Mugshot for American organized crime leader James &#8220;Whitey&#8221; Bulger. Criminal data like this could be subject to de-indexation under the RTBF ruling. Photo by Bureau of Prisons, released to public domain.</p></div> <p><strong><em>Interview with Félix Tréguer, researcher at EHESS and founding member of La Quadrature du Net, France.</em></strong></p> <p><em>Conversations among the Global Voices members and across the digital rights space inspired our community to ask our colleagues — Internet law experts around the globe — to comment on the ruling and describe what impact it has had on policy and political debate in their countries since it was issued. In this second installment in the series, we hear from </em><em>French Internet law scholar</em>&nbsp;Félix Tréguer.</p> <h3>Are you familiar with the EU case on the “right to be forgotten”?</h3> <p><strong></strong>Yes. In Europe, the EU Court of Justice &#8220;Costeja” ruling has stirred a very heated debate about privacy and free speech on the Internet.</p> <p>But I must underline that the ruling itself is not literally about the right to be forgotten. More accurately, it is a ruling that recognizes a right to the de-indexation of links attached to a person&#39;s name in search engines, based on the 1995 EU law on the protection of personal data. This means that when a given item is de-indexed by Google in the search results to a query that includes a person&#39;s name, it remains accessible through the search engines as long as the search query does not include that name. So it is quite a far cry from an actual right to be forgotten.</p> <p>That being said, the ruling of course raises important concerns about free speech online. Clearly, the Court&#39;s decision restricts the right to information for Internet users, and the right to freedom of expression of online publishers whose content will be harder to find once it is de-indexed from some search results.</p> <p>To me, the worst aspect of the ruling is the fact that, while it recognizes that the right to de-indexation is not absolute, it is the responsibility of search engines to make a judgment about whether a person&#39;s request for de-indexation of online content is valid. The Court noted that the search engine&#39;s decision on the request would depend on the “role played [by the claimant] in public life”. Accordingly, the threshold for de-indexing content is higher for a public figure than for the average citizen.So the ruling effectively gives Google the task of drawing the boundaries of whom and what belongs to the public sphere. By doing so, it is reinforcing the dangerous trend toward privatized online censorship – a trend we&#39;ve gotten used to in the context of copyright enforcement.</p> <p>It is truly disconcerting to see Europe&#39;s highest court issuing such an important ruling while being blind to the wider legal and regulatory ecology surrounding fundamental rights on the Internet.</p> <h3>Has there been local discussion and debate on the implementation of RTBF? Have their been local court cases?</h3> <p>Yes, besides the ECJ ruling, there have been court cases across Europe regarding the right to be forgotten.</p> <p>Last January in France, a Parisian art dealer with a criminal record <a href="https://wiki.laquadrature.net/Jurisprudence_sur_la_communication_en_ligne#--_Tribunal_de_Commerce_de_Paris.2C_28_janvier_2014.2C_X_contre_Google_Inc.">demanded the de-indexation</a> of links to content related to a past conviction. A lower court decided in his favor, ruling that the complainant had a right to protect his reputation under France&#39;s law on personal data.</p> <p>In 2012, a former porn actress also <a href="https://wiki.laquadrature.net/Jurisprudence_sur_la_communication_en_ligne#-_TGI_de_Paris.2C_15_f.C3.A9vrier_2012.2C_Diana_Z._c.2F_Google">won a case</a> on the grounds of local privacy laws after Google denied her requests to de-index links to her pornographic videos.</p> <p>But besides these judicial decisions, there is an even more problematic side to the “right to be forgotten” debate in Europe. Right after the ECJ ruling, in May, the president of the French Data Protection Authority (DPA), who is currently coordinating the works of all European DPAs on the matter, <a href="http://www.lemonde.fr/technologies/article/2014/05/19/isabelle-falque-pierrotin-je-ne-crois-pas-du-tout-a-la-fin-de-la-vie-privee_4420923_651865.html">announced in an interview</a> that a third of the complaints received by her services (about 2000 out of approximately 6000 a year) were related to online content. Shockingly, she made clear that in those cases, the DPA does not just ask search engines to de-index specific content and links in search results, but that it goes straight to publishers (online media editors, bloggers, etc) to request that online information pertaining to any given complainant be removed or anonymized.</p> <p>The prototypical case for the DPA is as follows: a former union leader comes to the DPA requesting action on a decade-old video showing him in speaking vehemently against his company&#39;s CEO. The video now tops the search results associated with his name, and, as he explains in his request, prevents him from finding a job. What the DPA can do in such cases is ask the publisher of the video to delete the name of that person from the text associated with the video.</p> <p>But what this also means is that without any court approval or even clear legal principles on how to balance privacy and free speech, with absolutely no transparency on how much and what content is being taken down, and without considering other ways of protecting that person from employment discrimination, administrative agencies are orchestrating the censorship of online material. And this can have a big impact on the democratic debate. To continue with the previous example, what if, five years from now, the former union leader enters the field of electoral politics? Shouldn&#39;t the electorate have a right to know about his previous political engagement?</p> <p>Even before the ECJ ruling, the implementation of the right to be forgotten had already gotten out of control in Europe. There is hence an urgent need to create an appropriate framework for balancing the right to privacy and freedom of expression, since neither existing law nor the ECJ ruling provide the appropriate answers.</p> <h3>Do you anticipate any threat to the online public sphere once it is implemented?</h3> <p>In the aftermath of the ECJ ruling, we&#39;re witnessing very dangerous developments. Besides encouraging the trend toward privatized censorship, the decision is also giving way to a rule-making problem.</p> <p>First, Google is acting as a de facto public body and putting together a consultation on how best to implement the right to be forgotten. Google has denounced the ECJ ruling but is forced to implement it, and they logically need to come up with guidelines considering that both the ruling itself and EU law are very vague. But I find it odd that instead of calling for a legislative debate on workable principles regarding the privacy/free speech balance, the company instead created an “expert committee” to issue these guidelines. Even though the committee includes very commendable people such as Frank La Rue (the outgoing UN special rapporteur for freedom of expression), this process further legitimizes a form of private rule-making for the regulation of fundamental rights on the Internet, and as such it just cannot lead to legitimate rules.</p> <p>Then, there are the national Data Protection Authorities from each EU member states who, in part in response to Google&#39;s own committee, are also working on guidelines regarding the implementation of the ruling. They started the process in July by questioning search engines (Google has already issued its <a href="https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B8syaai6SSfiT0EwRUFyOENqR3M/view?pli=1&amp;sle=true">response</a>; Bing, Yahoo and others should soon follow suit). But while they have more legitimacy in this position than Google does, DPAs are administrative agencies and lack the democratic legitimacy or accountability of actual lawmakers. Culturally, they are also heavily biased towards the protection of privacy. Google&#39;s response to the DPA inquiries explains that in evaluating the requests received so far and acting upon them, it is facing questions such as:</p> <blockquote> <ul> <li>What is the nature and delineation of a public figure’s right to privacy?&nbsp;</li> <li>How should we differentiate content that is in the public interest from content that is not?&nbsp;</li> <li>Does the public have a right to information about the nature, volume, and outcome of removal requests made to search engines?&nbsp;</li> <li>What is the public’s right to information when it comes to reviews of professional or consumer services?&nbsp;Or criminal histories?&nbsp;</li> <li>Should individuals be able to request removal of links to information published by a government?</li> <li>Do publishers of content have a right to information about requests to remove it from search?</li> </ul> <p>(Excerpted from Google&#39;s response to question n° 25 of the WP29 questionnaire)</p></blockquote> <p>So absent clear legal principles, it&#39;s quite worrying to see DPAs making up rules and adjudicating these very difficult questions raised by the right to be forgotten.</p> <h3>How can policymakers strike a balance between individual right to be forgotten and free flow of information?&nbsp;</h3> <p>That is indeed the crucial question, but one that needs to be taken up by both lawmakers and citizens, not by private companies and administrative agencies.</p> <p>The right to be forgotten has its roots in criminal law, and no doubt there are very legitimate cases in which the protection of privacy should prevail upon freedom of expression. Europe has traditionally been a defender of strong privacy rights, which is in part explained by its history – in particular the surveillance practiced by totalitarian regimes in the 20th century – and the subsequent fear of seeing computers being used to empower states and private companies to spy on people. The focus on privacy has made Europe the worldwide leader for the protection of personal data. Today – in the age of the Internet, and especially in these “post-Snowden times” – it is an important legacy to carry forward. These old principles must be adapted to the technical and social realities of the Internet, so that we can protect the privacy of Internet users in the face of the harmful practices of the advertising, insurance and banking industries, among others, but also against the stunning return of mass surveillance by state powers.</p> <p>On the other hand, in Europe, freedom of expression has not enjoyed a similar level of concern or protection as privacy. So in this debate on the right to be forgotten, there is a risk that online free speech will be routinely undermined, especially given that the problems raised by the ECJ ruling echo wider issues surrounding online censorship.</p> <p>Going forward, there is a premise that should be questioned, namely the idea that the rules on the protection of personal data can apply as such to speech that is part of the public sphere. From a legal perspective, it seems to be a dangerous overreach, since I don&#39;t think it was the intention of French lawmakers in 1978, when they adopted the first law on personal data (nicknamed the “Computing and Freedoms” law). Still today, before the ECJ ruling, case law was unsettled: Many judges felt that only press laws should be used to regulate the public sphere, and thus refused to apply data protection laws to restrict freedom of expression online.</p> <p>In the aftermath of the ECJ ruling, but also in the face of the many threats looming on freedoms online, Europe needs a “Marco Civil” moment. We need to raise and answer big questions about fundamental rights on the Internet, and in particular on the right to freedom of expression and the right to privacy, how to protect them, when and how they can be limited and balanced, while paying the utmost attention to applicable international human rights law.</p> <p>Ultimately, it should not be up to Google or other Internet companies to implement these rules. Nor should it be the responsibility of the Data Protection Authorities. It must fall to European lawmakers to issue these rules and, consistent with the rule of law, up to the judiciary to implement them. An option to avoid private censorship while making sure courts are not flooded with requests would be having a “mediation authority” representing all stakeholders, from the public and private sectors as well as from civil society. Such a mediation body could give legal advice to claimants and online actors so as to find a common ground based on what the statutes and case law say. But when no agreement can be reached, then the case would be referred to a judge.</p> <p><em>Want to lend your ideas to the conversation? We invite experts and interested individuals to answer these questions for us — please feel encouraged to respond to this post in the comments section or to send your thoughts to us at advocacy [at] globalvoicesonline [dot] org. We look forward to publishing them and continuing the conversation.</em></p> <h3>&nbsp;</h3> <h3>Read the first post in this series:</h3> <h3 id="post-486083"><a title="The Internet Never Forgets: Join a Global Conversation on the EU’s ‘Right to Be Forgotten’" href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/08/20/the-internet-never-forgets-join-a-global-conversation-on-the-eus-right-to-be-forgotten/" rel="bookmark">The Internet Never Forgets: Join a Global Conversation on the EU’s ‘Right to Be Forgotten’</a></h3> <p class='gv-rss-footer'><span class='credit-text'><span class="contributor">Written by <a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/guest-contributor/' class='user-link' title='View all posts by Guest contributor'>Guest contributor</a></span></span> &middot; <span class="commentcount"><a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/11/right-to-be-forgotten-with-free-expression-under-threat-europe-needs-a-marco-civil-moment/#comments" title="comments">comments (0) </a></span><br /><a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/donate/' title='read Donate' >Donate</a> &middot; <span class='share-links-text'><span class='share-links-label'>Share this: </span> <a class='share-link' href='http://twitter.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F11%2Fright-to-be-forgotten-with-free-expression-under-threat-europe-needs-a-marco-civil-moment%2F&#038;text=Right+to+Be+Forgotten%3A+With+Free+Expression+Under+Threat%2C+Europe+Needs+a+%27Marco+Civil+Moment%27&#038;via=globalvoices' id='gv-st_twitter' title='twitter' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>twitter</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://www.facebook.com/share.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F11%2Fright-to-be-forgotten-with-free-expression-under-threat-europe-needs-a-marco-civil-moment%2F' id='gv-st_facebook' title='facebook' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>facebook</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F11%2Fright-to-be-forgotten-with-free-expression-under-threat-europe-needs-a-marco-civil-moment%2F&#038;title=Right+to+Be+Forgotten%3A+With+Free+Expression+Under+Threat%2C+Europe+Needs+a+%27Marco+Civil+Moment%27' id='gv-st_reddit' title='reddit' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>reddit</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='https://plus.google.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F09%2F11%2Fright-to-be-forgotten-with-free-expression-under-threat-europe-needs-a-marco-civil-moment%2F' id='gv-st_googleplus' title='googleplus' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>googleplus</span></a></span> </p> <div style="display: block !important; margin:0 !important; padding: 0 !important" id="wpp_popup_post_end_element"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/11/right-to-be-forgotten-with-free-expression-under-threat-europe-needs-a-marco-civil-moment/" target="_blank">http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/11/right-to-be-forgotten-with-free-express...</a> </div> </div> </div> Citizen Citizen Media Feature France France Freedom of Speech Global Voices Advocacy Guest contributor Law Technology Western Europe Thu, 11 Sep 2014 17:45:08 +0000 feed 329747 at http://newsmotion.org