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Newsmotion - Technology http://newsmotion.org/taxonomy/term/39/all en Bloggers Behind Bars: Ethiopia's Zone9ers and Threats to Online Speech Across the Globe http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/bloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers-and-threats-online-speech-across-globe <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Bloggers Behind Bars: Ethiopia&#039;s Zone9ers and Threats to Online Speech Across the Globe </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Fri, 10/17/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><img class="aligncenter size-full wp-image-493495" alt="CENSORSHIP" src="http://globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/CENSORSHIP.jpg" width="800" height="530" />“We want more openness, more transparency,” Ethiopian writer Endalkchew Chala told me in a phone interview. “People deserve choice; people deserve access to the world’s knowledge.” For expressing views like these online, his friends were scheduled to go on trial for terrorism in early August—though the trial was later adjourned to October 15. It briefly <a href="http://www.freemedia.at/newssview/article/ethiopian-court-adjourns-trial-for-imprisoned-ethiopian-bloggers-and-journalists.html">reconvened</a> last week then adjourned again <a href="http://mereja.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=2&amp;t=88378">until early November</a>.</p> <p>In July, Ethan Zuckerman wrote a <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/07/31/the-zone-9-bloggers-are-writing-from-the-outer-ring-of-the-prison-the-nation-itself/">detailed post here on Global Voices</a> describing the origins of the Zone 9 bloggers collective, and why they chose that name, and the implications of their case in Ethiopia. In a nutshell, two years ago Endalk (as his friends and colleagues like to call him) got together with several like-minded young Ethiopian writers and journalists to launch a <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zone_9_bloggers">hard-hitting blog called “Zone9.”</a> The blog’s name derives from Addis Ababa’s infamous Kaliti prison, divided into eight zones with political prisoners confined to Zone Eight. <a href="http://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2014/04/26/six-members-of-blogging-collective-arrested-in-ethiopia/">They chose the name Zone9</a> intending to suggest that the entire nation was becoming a virtual prison—effectively a ninth zone. “All of Ethiopia is part of it,” explains Endalk. In 2011, one inmate, journalist <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eskinder_Nega">Eskinder Nega</a>, was arrested for the seventh time after writing a column, which ironically criticized the Ethiopian government’s habit of arresting journalists on terrorism charges.</p> <p>Such edginess was too much for their government to take. <a href="http://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2014/04/26/six-members-of-blogging-collective-arrested-in-ethiopia/">Six of the Zone9 bloggers were arrested</a> this past April. Three months later, they were formally <a href="http://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2014/07/18/zone-9-bloggers-charged-with-terrorism-in-ethiopia/">charged with terrorism</a> and “related activities.” Endalk, pursuing a graduate degree in Portland, Oregon when the arrests took place, is now their informal spokesperson, blogging and tweeting the latest developments. The group’s alleged <a href="http://trialtrackerblog.org/2014/08/12/full-translation-of-zone9ers-charge-sheet/comment-page-1/#comment-129">crimes include</a> attending trainings by international technical experts on how to use software tools to shield themselves from electronic surveillance. They are also accused of clandestinely organizing themselves into a blogger collective—a bizarre accusation given that Zone9 is a public website.&nbsp;</p> <p>For the past two years, Endalk and four other Zone9 members also ran the <a href="http://am.globalvoicesonline.org/">Amharic edition</a> of Global Voices Online. The group translated to Amharic (the dominant local language in Ethiopia) Global Voices posts written by contributors from around the world—particularly those related to activism, freedom of expression, and censorship— of strong relevance to an Ethiopian audience whose state-controlled media is heavily censored.</p> <h2>Bars around the world</h2> <p>The Zone9 bloggers are not the only Global Voices contributors who recently found themselves behind bars, as governments in a growing list of nations have recognized that modern-day connectivity can prove a lethal challenge to their legitimacy and very existence.</p> <p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bassel_Khartabil">Bassel Khartabil</a>, a Syrian-Palestinian computer engineer and open Internet advocate, has been imprisoned in Damascus since March 2012. <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alaa_Abd_El-Fattah">Alaa Abd El Fattah</a>, an Egyptian activist and blogger <a href="http://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2014/06/13/get-the-facts-the-case-of-jailed-egyptian-activist-alaa-abd-el-fattah/">arrested in November 2013</a> for violating Egypt’s new Protest Law, was dealt a 15-year jail sentence along with 25 other activists this past June. He is currently <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/15/egyptian-blogger-alaa-abd-el-fattah-released-on-bail/">free on bail</a>, but already facing <a href="http://www.madamasr.com/news/alaa-abd-el-fattah-sentenced-month-prison">new legal challenges</a>&nbsp;allegedly due to his behavior while in prison. <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/specialcoverage/freesodiqov-scholar-and-gv-author-detained-in-tajikistan/">Tajik author Alex Sodiqov</a>—a Ph.D. student at the University of Toronto—was arrested while carrying out academic research in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region of Tajikstan. Eventually he was accused of espionage. While he has since been released and allowed to <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/12/global-voices-alexander-sodiqov-is-safe-with-his-family-in-toronto-canada/">return to Canada</a>, he has yet to be cleared of the charges.</p> <p>The idea for the Global Voices network came out of a 2004 meeting of bloggers from around the world. It was a time of heady optimism, when bloggers seemed poised to break down barriers and help create a better world. We created a website with the tagline “The world is talking. Are you listening?” <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/about/gv-manifesto/">As our manifesto put it:</a></p> <p>“Thanks to new tools, speech need no longer be controlled by those who own the means of publishing and distribution, or by governments that would restrict thought and communication. Now, anyone can wield the power of the press. Everyone can tell their stories to the world.”&nbsp;</p> <p>We recruited editors and volunteers from across the globe who helped to curate, translate, and contextualize what bloggers were saying about their countries and regions—what they were observing in their communities, and how people around them were reacting to world events. Eventually, the site came to be translated back and forth in over two dozen languages, mainly by volunteers like the Zone9ers.</p> <p>Digital connectivity can indeed be revolutionary. In the 21st century, networked technologies are a necessary condition for social and political change. But over the past decade we’ve learned they are insufficient on their own to prevent widespread and systematic human rights violations&#8211;let alone bring about a more democratic and just world.</p> <h2>Battling empowerment</h2> <p>Governments are fighting back against the Internet’s empowering, decentralized character. They are upgrading their own institutional, military, and technical power. They are passing laws criminalizing various forms of online speech and enforcing those laws with police, security, and intelligence forces. Law enforcement and intelligence services of democracies, as well as dictatorships, are pushing their powers of surveillance to the limit. Many governments are also finding new and creative ways to control through their legal and technical powers what people can and especially cannot do on the Internet and with mobile devices.</p> <p>The Ethiopian government is a case in point. It has <a href="http://www.hrw.org/news/2013/05/03/ethiopia-terrorism-law-decimates-media">revised the law</a> so that practically anybody who uses the Internet to build a movement around a common ideal, or conduct independent journalism, can potentially be charged with terrorism. <a href="http://www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/2013/ethiopia">Internet access</a> is available only through the state-controlled monopoly, Ethio Telecom, which keeps prices artificially high and beyond the reach of most. Those who can access the Internet do so through heavily monitored cybercafés. They must navigate censorship of overseas dissident websites, and face pervasive surveillance thanks to technologies purchased not only from Chinese companies but from European firms like Gamma, a German company that sells remote monitoring systems, and Hacking Team, an Italian firm specializing in spyware.</p> <p>Anything the Zone9 bloggers ever did online can potentially be used against them without constraint.</p> <p>The attack by governments on Internet freedom is by no means limited to authoritarian dictatorships. This year, alongside the usual suspects like North Korea, Cuba, and China, <a href="http://12mars.rsf.org/2014-en/enemies-of-the-internet-2014-entities-at-the-heart-of-censorship-and-surveillance/">Reporters Without Borders</a> listed the Indian government’s Centre for Development of Telematics as one of the 20 biggest “enemies of the Internet,” thanks to its role in developing a clandestine mass electronic surveillance and data mining program for deployment on nationwide networks.</p> <p>The United Kingdom also made the list, winning the title “world champion of surveillance,” due largely to the work of the Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), which has developed the world’s largest data collection and communications-monitoring system. Last month the British authorities invoked emergency powers to pass a new law allowing the government to issue warrants to companies for data stored outside UK jurisdiction—effectively legalizing its already sweeping technical power to spy on much of the world. As former NSA contractor Edward Snowden put it, “they are worse than the U.S.”</p> <p>The problem has been compounded by Internet and telecommunications companies pursuing short-term business interests 
without considering 
the impact of their 
behavior on Internet 
users’ rights. We have 
all unfortunately allowed companies to 
track, collect, and
 sell vast amounts of
 personal information
 without even realizing what was happening. As American
 security guru <a href="https://www.schneier.com/">Bruce
 Schneier</a> likes to say: “Surveillance is the 
business model of the Internet.”</p> <p>How convenient for the NSA, which, until Snowden blew the whistle, had relatively easy access to the communications and stored data of U.S. Internet companies. Now many of these companies have recognized that this situation is not actually sustainable for their business in the long run. Without basic levels of trust from individuals and businesses that rely on the Internet, its platforms, and networks, the economic value of the Internet (along with its political and social value) will diminish over time. That is precisely why major companies like Google, Microsoft, and Facebook are now <a href="http://www.cnet.com/news/apple-google-microsoft-unite-against-nsa-spying-program/">calling publicly</a> for legal limitations on the NSA’s powers, as well as increased government transparency on matters of surveillance.</p> <h2>Cybersovereigns</h2> <p>These sovereigns of cyberspace—an apt term because of the rules and parameters they set on their services, on which we have come increasingly to depend—have become a form of transnational private governance. The Internet is replete with corporate and government gatekeepers. It’s patrolled by a variety of virtual police seeking to enforce government laws and company terms of service. These gatekeepers and police must be held publicly accountable in a way that can constrain them from abusing their power.</p> <p>It is up to all of us, as citizens of nations and as denizens of a globally interconnected Internet, to keep pushing for accountability in how our digital lives are shaped and governed by all who wield power over us. If digital connectivity is to fulfill its clear potential, nations’ legal frameworks governing Internet companies, as well as users, must embrace the protection and exercise of basic human rights. The technical standards and business practices of companies must be compatible with the kind of open, democratic world we seek to create.</p> <p>We are far from reaching that goal, but some important steps are being taken in the right direction. Legal reform efforts to curb government surveillance powers in the United States are making headway. Initiatives are being built to hold tech companies to basic human rights standards, including freedom of expression and privacy. Global Voices is working with a worldwide community of people ready to fight for their online freedoms, working with other trans-national groups advocating an open Internet.&nbsp;</p> <p>As we think globally, those of living in democratic countries must not forget that Internet freedom starts at home. If we cannot figure out how to constrain government and corporate power over digital networks people depend on, we should prepare to join our Ethiopian friends in Zone9.</p> <p><strong>Also read:&nbsp;<a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/07/31/the-zone-9-bloggers-are-writing-from-the-outer-ring-of-the-prison-the-nation-itself/">The Zone 9 Bloggers Are Writing From the Outer Ring of the Prison, the Nation Itself</a></strong></p> <div class="notes"><span style="color: #888888;"><em> This post was originally published in the <a href="http://www.worldpolicy.org/journal/fall2014/joining-zone-nine">World Policy Journal&#39;s 2014 Fall edition Connectivity.&nbsp;</a></em></span></div> <p class='gv-rss-footer'><span class='credit-text'><span class="contributor">Written by <a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/rmackinnon/' class='user-link' title='View all posts by Rebecca MacKinnon'>Rebecca MacKinnon</a></span></span> &middot; <span class="commentcount"><a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/17/bloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers-and-threats-to-online-speech-across-the-globe/#comments" title="comments">comments (0) </a></span><br /><a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/donate/' title='read Donate' >Donate</a> &middot; <span class='share-links-text'><span class='share-links-label'>Share this: </span> <a class='share-link' href='http://twitter.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F17%2Fbloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers-and-threats-to-online-speech-across-the-globe%2F&#038;text=Bloggers+Behind+Bars%3A+Ethiopia%27s+Zone9ers+and+Threats+to+Online+Speech+Across+the+Globe&#038;via=globalvoices' id='gv-st_twitter' title='twitter' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>twitter</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://www.facebook.com/share.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F17%2Fbloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers-and-threats-to-online-speech-across-the-globe%2F' id='gv-st_facebook' title='facebook' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>facebook</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F17%2Fbloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers-and-threats-to-online-speech-across-the-globe%2F&#038;title=Bloggers+Behind+Bars%3A+Ethiopia%27s+Zone9ers+and+Threats+to+Online+Speech+Across+the+Globe' id='gv-st_reddit' title='reddit' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>reddit</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='https://plus.google.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F17%2Fbloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers-and-threats-to-online-speech-across-the-globe%2F' id='gv-st_googleplus' title='googleplus' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>googleplus</span></a></span> </p> <div style="display: block !important; margin:0 !important; padding: 0 !important" id="wpp_popup_post_end_element"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/17/bloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers-and-threats-to-online-speech-across-the-globe/" target="_blank">http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/17/bloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers...</a> </div> </div> </div> Canada China Citizen Citizen Media Cuba Damascus Ethiopia Ethiopia Feature Global Voices Advocacy Human Rights Portland Rebecca MacKinnon sub-Saharan Africa Technology The Bridge United Kingdom United States Weblog Fri, 17 Oct 2014 18:24:41 +0000 feed 340688 at http://newsmotion.org Bloggers Behind Bars: Ethiopia's Zone9ers and Threats to Online Speech Across the Globe http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/bloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers-and-threats-online-speech-across-globe-0 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Bloggers Behind Bars: Ethiopia&#039;s Zone9ers and Threats to Online Speech Across the Globe </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Fri, 10/17/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><img class="aligncenter size-full wp-image-493495" alt="CENSORSHIP" src="http://globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/CENSORSHIP.jpg" width="800" height="530" />“We want more openness, more transparency,” Ethiopian writer Endalkchew Chala told me in a phone interview. “People deserve choice; people deserve access to the world’s knowledge.” For expressing views like these online, his friends were scheduled to go on trial for terrorism in early August—though the trial was later adjourned to October 15. It briefly <a href="http://www.freemedia.at/newssview/article/ethiopian-court-adjourns-trial-for-imprisoned-ethiopian-bloggers-and-journalists.html">reconvened</a> last week then adjourned again <a href="http://mereja.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=2&amp;t=88378">until early November</a>.</p> <p>In July, Ethan Zuckerman wrote a <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/07/31/the-zone-9-bloggers-are-writing-from-the-outer-ring-of-the-prison-the-nation-itself/">detailed post here on Global Voices</a> describing the origins of the Zone 9 bloggers collective, and why they chose that name, and the implications of their case in Ethiopia. In a nutshell, two years ago Endalk (as his friends and colleagues like to call him) got together with several like-minded young Ethiopian writers and journalists to launch a <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zone_9_bloggers">hard-hitting blog called “Zone9.”</a> The blog’s name derives from Addis Ababa’s infamous Kaliti prison, divided into eight zones with political prisoners confined to Zone Eight. <a href="http://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2014/04/26/six-members-of-blogging-collective-arrested-in-ethiopia/">They chose the name Zone9</a> intending to suggest that the entire nation was becoming a virtual prison—effectively a ninth zone. “All of Ethiopia is part of it,” explains Endalk. In 2011, one inmate, journalist <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eskinder_Nega">Eskinder Nega</a>, was arrested for the seventh time after writing a column, which ironically criticized the Ethiopian government’s habit of arresting journalists on terrorism charges.</p> <p>Such edginess was too much for their government to take. <a href="http://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2014/04/26/six-members-of-blogging-collective-arrested-in-ethiopia/">Six of the Zone9 bloggers were arrested</a> this past April. Three months later, they were formally <a href="http://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2014/07/18/zone-9-bloggers-charged-with-terrorism-in-ethiopia/">charged with terrorism</a> and “related activities.” Endalk, pursuing a graduate degree in Portland, Oregon when the arrests took place, is now their informal spokesperson, blogging and tweeting the latest developments. The group’s alleged <a href="http://trialtrackerblog.org/2014/08/12/full-translation-of-zone9ers-charge-sheet/comment-page-1/#comment-129">crimes include</a> attending trainings by international technical experts on how to use software tools to shield themselves from electronic surveillance. They are also accused of clandestinely organizing themselves into a blogger collective—a bizarre accusation given that Zone9 is a public website.&nbsp;</p> <p>For the past two years, Endalk and four other Zone9 members also ran the <a href="http://am.globalvoicesonline.org/">Amharic edition</a> of Global Voices Online. The group translated to Amharic (the dominant local language in Ethiopia) Global Voices posts written by contributors from around the world—particularly those related to activism, freedom of expression, and censorship— of strong relevance to an Ethiopian audience whose state-controlled media is heavily censored.</p> <h2>Bars around the world</h2> <p>The Zone9 bloggers are not the only Global Voices contributors who recently found themselves behind bars, as governments in a growing list of nations have recognized that modern-day connectivity can prove a lethal challenge to their legitimacy and very existence.</p> <p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bassel_Khartabil">Bassel Khartabil</a>, a Syrian-Palestinian computer engineer and open Internet advocate, has been imprisoned in Damascus since March 2012. <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alaa_Abd_El-Fattah">Alaa Abd El Fattah</a>, an Egyptian activist and blogger <a href="http://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2014/06/13/get-the-facts-the-case-of-jailed-egyptian-activist-alaa-abd-el-fattah/">arrested in November 2013</a> for violating Egypt’s new Protest Law, was dealt a 15-year jail sentence along with 25 other activists this past June. He is currently <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/15/egyptian-blogger-alaa-abd-el-fattah-released-on-bail/">free on bail</a>, but already facing <a href="http://www.madamasr.com/news/alaa-abd-el-fattah-sentenced-month-prison">new legal challenges</a>&nbsp;allegedly due to his behavior while in prison. <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/specialcoverage/freesodiqov-scholar-and-gv-author-detained-in-tajikistan/">Tajik author Alex Sodiqov</a>—a Ph.D. student at the University of Toronto—was arrested while carrying out academic research in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region of Tajikstan. Eventually he was accused of espionage. While he has since been released and allowed to <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/09/12/global-voices-alexander-sodiqov-is-safe-with-his-family-in-toronto-canada/">return to Canada</a>, he has yet to be cleared of the charges.</p> <p>The idea for the Global Voices network came out of a 2004 meeting of bloggers from around the world. It was a time of heady optimism, when bloggers seemed poised to break down barriers and help create a better world. We created a website with the tagline “The world is talking. Are you listening?” <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/about/gv-manifesto/">As our manifesto put it:</a></p> <p>“Thanks to new tools, speech need no longer be controlled by those who own the means of publishing and distribution, or by governments that would restrict thought and communication. Now, anyone can wield the power of the press. Everyone can tell their stories to the world.”&nbsp;</p> <p>We recruited editors and volunteers from across the globe who helped to curate, translate, and contextualize what bloggers were saying about their countries and regions—what they were observing in their communities, and how people around them were reacting to world events. Eventually, the site came to be translated back and forth in over two dozen languages, mainly by volunteers like the Zone9ers.</p> <p>Digital connectivity can indeed be revolutionary. In the 21st century, networked technologies are a necessary condition for social and political change. But over the past decade we’ve learned they are insufficient on their own to prevent widespread and systematic human rights violations&#8211;let alone bring about a more democratic and just world.</p> <h2>Battling empowerment</h2> <p>Governments are fighting back against the Internet’s empowering, decentralized character. They are upgrading their own institutional, military, and technical power. They are passing laws criminalizing various forms of online speech and enforcing those laws with police, security, and intelligence forces. Law enforcement and intelligence services of democracies, as well as dictatorships, are pushing their powers of surveillance to the limit. Many governments are also finding new and creative ways to control through their legal and technical powers what people can and especially cannot do on the Internet and with mobile devices.</p> <p>The Ethiopian government is a case in point. It has <a href="http://www.hrw.org/news/2013/05/03/ethiopia-terrorism-law-decimates-media">revised the law</a> so that practically anybody who uses the Internet to build a movement around a common ideal, or conduct independent journalism, can potentially be charged with terrorism. <a href="http://www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/2013/ethiopia">Internet access</a> is available only through the state-controlled monopoly, Ethio Telecom, which keeps prices artificially high and beyond the reach of most. Those who can access the Internet do so through heavily monitored cybercafés. They must navigate censorship of overseas dissident websites, and face pervasive surveillance thanks to technologies purchased not only from Chinese companies but from European firms like Gamma, a German company that sells remote monitoring systems, and Hacking Team, an Italian firm specializing in spyware.</p> <p>Anything the Zone9 bloggers ever did online can potentially be used against them without constraint.</p> <p>The attack by governments on Internet freedom is by no means limited to authoritarian dictatorships. This year, alongside the usual suspects like North Korea, Cuba, and China, <a href="http://12mars.rsf.org/2014-en/enemies-of-the-internet-2014-entities-at-the-heart-of-censorship-and-surveillance/">Reporters Without Borders</a> listed the Indian government’s Centre for Development of Telematics as one of the 20 biggest “enemies of the Internet,” thanks to its role in developing a clandestine mass electronic surveillance and data mining program for deployment on nationwide networks.</p> <p>The United Kingdom also made the list, winning the title “world champion of surveillance,” due largely to the work of the Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), which has developed the world’s largest data collection and communications-monitoring system. Last month the British authorities invoked emergency powers to pass a new law allowing the government to issue warrants to companies for data stored outside UK jurisdiction—effectively legalizing its already sweeping technical power to spy on much of the world. As former NSA contractor Edward Snowden put it, “they are worse than the U.S.”</p> <p>The problem has been compounded by Internet and telecommunications companies pursuing short-term business interests 
without considering 
the impact of their 
behavior on Internet 
users’ rights. We have 
all unfortunately allowed companies to 
track, collect, and
 sell vast amounts of
 personal information
 without even realizing what was happening. As American
 security guru <a href="https://www.schneier.com/">Bruce
 Schneier</a> likes to say: “Surveillance is the 
business model of the Internet.”</p> <p>How convenient for the NSA, which, until Snowden blew the whistle, had relatively easy access to the communications and stored data of U.S. Internet companies. Now many of these companies have recognized that this situation is not actually sustainable for their business in the long run. Without basic levels of trust from individuals and businesses that rely on the Internet, its platforms, and networks, the economic value of the Internet (along with its political and social value) will diminish over time. That is precisely why major companies like Google, Microsoft, and Facebook are now <a href="http://www.cnet.com/news/apple-google-microsoft-unite-against-nsa-spying-program/">calling publicly</a> for legal limitations on the NSA’s powers, as well as increased government transparency on matters of surveillance.</p> <h2>Cybersovereigns</h2> <p>These sovereigns of cyberspace—an apt term because of the rules and parameters they set on their services, on which we have come increasingly to depend—have become a form of transnational private governance. The Internet is replete with corporate and government gatekeepers. It’s patrolled by a variety of virtual police seeking to enforce government laws and company terms of service. These gatekeepers and police must be held publicly accountable in a way that can constrain them from abusing their power.</p> <p>It is up to all of us, as citizens of nations and as denizens of a globally interconnected Internet, to keep pushing for accountability in how our digital lives are shaped and governed by all who wield power over us. If digital connectivity is to fulfill its clear potential, nations’ legal frameworks governing Internet companies, as well as users, must embrace the protection and exercise of basic human rights. The technical standards and business practices of companies must be compatible with the kind of open, democratic world we seek to create.</p> <p>We are far from reaching that goal, but some important steps are being taken in the right direction. Legal reform efforts to curb government surveillance powers in the United States are making headway. Initiatives are being built to hold tech companies to basic human rights standards, including freedom of expression and privacy. Global Voices is working with a worldwide community of people ready to fight for their online freedoms, working with other trans-national groups advocating an open Internet.&nbsp;</p> <p>As we think globally, those of living in democratic countries must not forget that Internet freedom starts at home. If we cannot figure out how to constrain government and corporate power over digital networks people depend on, we should prepare to join our Ethiopian friends in Zone9.</p> <p><strong>Also read:&nbsp;<a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/07/31/the-zone-9-bloggers-are-writing-from-the-outer-ring-of-the-prison-the-nation-itself/">The Zone 9 Bloggers Are Writing From the Outer Ring of the Prison, the Nation Itself</a></strong></p> <div class="notes"><span style="color: #888888;"><em> This post was originally published in the <a href="http://www.worldpolicy.org/journal/fall2014/joining-zone-nine">World Policy Journal&#39;s 2014 Fall edition Connectivity.&nbsp;</a></em></span></div> <p class='gv-rss-footer'><span class='credit-text'><span class="contributor">Written by <a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/rmackinnon/' class='user-link' title='View all posts by Rebecca MacKinnon'>Rebecca MacKinnon</a></span></span> &middot; <span class="commentcount"><a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/17/bloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers-and-threats-to-online-speech-across-the-globe/#comments" title="comments">comments (0) </a></span><br /><a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/donate/' title='read Donate' >Donate</a> &middot; <span class='share-links-text'><span class='share-links-label'>Share this: </span> <a class='share-link' href='http://twitter.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F17%2Fbloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers-and-threats-to-online-speech-across-the-globe%2F&#038;text=Bloggers+Behind+Bars%3A+Ethiopia%27s+Zone9ers+and+Threats+to+Online+Speech+Across+the+Globe&#038;via=globalvoices' id='gv-st_twitter' title='twitter' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>twitter</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://www.facebook.com/share.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F17%2Fbloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers-and-threats-to-online-speech-across-the-globe%2F' id='gv-st_facebook' title='facebook' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>facebook</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F17%2Fbloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers-and-threats-to-online-speech-across-the-globe%2F&#038;title=Bloggers+Behind+Bars%3A+Ethiopia%27s+Zone9ers+and+Threats+to+Online+Speech+Across+the+Globe' id='gv-st_reddit' title='reddit' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>reddit</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='https://plus.google.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F17%2Fbloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers-and-threats-to-online-speech-across-the-globe%2F' id='gv-st_googleplus' title='googleplus' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>googleplus</span></a></span> </p> <div style="display: block !important; margin:0 !important; padding: 0 !important" id="wpp_popup_post_end_element"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/17/bloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers-and-threats-to-online-speech-across-the-globe/" target="_blank">http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/17/bloggers-behind-bars-ethiopias-zone9ers...</a> </div> </div> </div> Canada China Citizen Citizen Media Cuba Damascus Ethiopia Ethiopia Feature Global Voices Advocacy Human Rights Portland Rebecca MacKinnon sub-Saharan Africa Technology The Bridge United Kingdom United States Weblog Fri, 17 Oct 2014 18:24:41 +0000 feed 340883 at http://newsmotion.org An Indian Photoblogger's Lone Fight Against Plagiarism http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/indian-photobloggers-lone-fight-against-plagiarism <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> An Indian Photoblogger&#039;s Lone Fight Against Plagiarism </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Thu, 10/16/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div id="attachment_494167" class="wp-caption aligncenter" style="width: 715px"><a href="https://www.facebook.com/AnirbanSahaPhotography/photos/a.681672511910283.1073741845.118243818253158/681678188576382/?type=3&amp;theater"><img src="http://globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/photography-715x600.jpg" alt="Term of copyright in photographs:- Length of copyright -50 years. Graphics by Anirban Saha. Used with Permission." width="715" height="600" class="size-large wp-image-494167" /></a><p class="wp-caption-text">Term of copyright in photographs:- Length of copyright -50 years. Graphics by Anirban Saha. Used with Permission.</p></div> <p>Indian photoblogger <a href="http://www.anirbansaha.com/plagiarism-photo-churi-tmc-bjp/">Anirban Saha</a> points to a growing problem in India &#8212; plagiarism of intellectual property online. A number of his photos were used in a poster for a theatre festival, on a cover of a book, in an advertisement by the state government, in political banners, in magazines in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, and a school publication without his consent.</p> <p>He writes that Indian copyright laws protect intellectual property, but there is not much awareness:</p> <blockquote><p>We can spread the awareness of intellectual property rights, share contact details of lawyers who have already fought similar cases. We should be more aware of safeguarding our creations and spreading the awareness to create a better world. Read about <a href="http://www.ircc.iitb.ac.in/webnew/Indian%20Copyright%20Act%201957.html">Indian Copyright Act 1957</a>. More than the artists who still now are a minority, it is you readers who can make a difference. You need to be aware and spread the awareness.</p></blockquote> <p>Anirban Saha also publishes <a href="https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.681672511910283.1073741845.118243818253158&amp;type=3">a number of graphics</a> to make the Indian copyright laws easier to understand.</p> <p class='gv-rss-footer'><span class='credit-text'><span class="contributor">Written by <a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/rezwan/' class='user-link' title='View all posts by Rezwan'>Rezwan</a></span></span> &middot; <span class="commentcount"><a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/16/an-indian-photobloggers-lone-fight-against-plagiarism/#comments" title="comments">comments (0) </a></span><br /><a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/donate/' title='read Donate' >Donate</a> &middot; <span class='share-links-text'><span class='share-links-label'>Share this: </span> <a class='share-link' href='http://twitter.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F16%2Fan-indian-photobloggers-lone-fight-against-plagiarism%2F&#038;text=An+Indian+Photoblogger%27s+Lone+Fight+Against+Plagiarism&#038;via=globalvoices' id='gv-st_twitter' title='twitter' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>twitter</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://www.facebook.com/share.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F16%2Fan-indian-photobloggers-lone-fight-against-plagiarism%2F' id='gv-st_facebook' title='facebook' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>facebook</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F16%2Fan-indian-photobloggers-lone-fight-against-plagiarism%2F&#038;title=An+Indian+Photoblogger%27s+Lone+Fight+Against+Plagiarism' id='gv-st_reddit' title='reddit' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>reddit</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='https://plus.google.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F16%2Fan-indian-photobloggers-lone-fight-against-plagiarism%2F' id='gv-st_googleplus' title='googleplus' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>googleplus</span></a></span> </p> <div style="display: block !important; margin:0 !important; padding: 0 !important" id="wpp_popup_post_end_element"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/16/an-indian-photobloggers-lone-fight-against-plagiarism/" target="_blank">http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/16/an-indian-photobloggers-lone-fight-agai...</a> </div> </div> </div> Bangladesh Citizen Citizen Media Digital Activism Economics & Business English Human Rights India India Law Media & Journalism Photography Quick Reads Rezwan South Asia Sri Lanka Technology Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:07:44 +0000 feed 340700 at http://newsmotion.org Facebook's Zuckerberg Promotes Greater Internet Access in Indonesia http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/facebooks-zuckerberg-promotes-greater-internet-access-indonesia <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Facebook&#039;s Zuckerberg Promotes Greater Internet Access in Indonesia </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Wed, 10/15/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div id="attachment_493779" class="wp-caption aligncenter" style="width: 720px"><a href="https://www.facebook.com/IrHJokoWidodo/photos/a.337015596450560.1073741838.329509440534509/399257716893014/?type=1"><img class="size-full wp-image-493779 " alt="Indonesia's President-elect Jokowi with Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg" src="http://globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/jokowi.jpg" width="720" height="498" /></a><p class="wp-caption-text">Indonesia&#39;s President-elect Jokowi with Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg. &#8220;Facebook as social media is able to link the people with leaders who turn to their people for inspiration. -Joko Widodo (Jokowi)&#8221;</p></div> <p>Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg <a href="http://inet.detik.com/read/2014/10/10/182651/2715727/398/2/tiba-di-indonesia-ini-agenda-mark-zuckerberg">is visiting Indonesia</a> to campaign for wider Internet access in the country.</p> <p>On his official page, Zuckerberg talked about his experience visiting the Buddhist temple <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borobudur">Borobudur</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10101691817291381&amp;set=a.529237706231.2034669.4&amp;type=1&amp;permPage=1">Mark Zuckerberg</a>&nbsp;</p> <p>I just arrived in Indonesia and hiked up Borobudur to watch the sunrise. Tomorrow for Internet.org I&#39;m looking forward to meeting with developers, operator partners and government leaders in Jakarta.</p></blockquote> <p>&nbsp;Despite his star status, it seems not everyone knew who he is:</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p>Mark Zuckerberg Nikmati Sunrise di Borobudur Tanpa Layanan VIP <a href="http://t.co/EwfpM77ekE">http://t.co/EwfpM77ekE</a> — YOGYA ISTIMEWA (@YogyaIstimewa) <a href="https://twitter.com/YogyaIstimewa/status/521602448725901312">October 13, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <blockquote class="translation"><p>&nbsp;Mark Zuckerberg enjoying the sunrise in Borobudur without VIP treatment</p></blockquote> <p>&nbsp;</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p>Ha ha ha they didn&#39;t know who is Mark Zuckerberg so they asked him to take photo <a href="http://t.co/re1C9cBbLc">pic.twitter.com/re1C9cBbLc</a> — Christien (@mchristien) <a href="https://twitter.com/mchristien/status/521574937635467265">October 13, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <p>Zuckerberg also met the incoming president Joko Widodo (Jokowi):</p> <blockquote><p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/IrHJokoWidodo/photos/a.337015596450560.1073741838.329509440534509/399257716893014/?type=1">Ir H Joko Widodo</a> Hari ini saya gembira karena mendapat kesempatan &#8216;blusukan&#8217; bersama Founder/CEO Mark Zuckerberg ke Pasar Blok A Tanah Abang Jakarta Pusat.</p></blockquote> <blockquote class="translation"><p>I&#39;m happy to get the chance to visit Blok A Market in Tanah Abang, Central Jakarta with founder/CEO Mark Zuckerberg.</p></blockquote> <p>Zuckerberg was <a href="https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10101694621736251&amp;set=a.529237706231.2034669.4&amp;type=1">impressed</a> to learn that Jokowi maximized social media tools to connect with voters and constituents:</p> <blockquote><p>This morning I met with President-elect <a href="https://www.facebook.com/JKWofficial" data-hovercard="/ajax/hovercard/page.php?id=249750628565406">Joko Widodo</a> and we discussed the opportunities and challenges of connecting everyone in Indonesia.</p> <p>He has an amazing perspective since he ran much of his presidential election campaign through Facebook and the internet in order to communicate directly with all 250 million Indonesians.</p></blockquote> <p>He also highlighted the unique leadership style of Jokowi called “blusukan”:</p> <blockquote><p>A hallmark of his style is &#8220;blusukan&#8221; or impromptu walkabouts to meet Indonesian citizens. After our meeting, I joined him on a walkabout to the Tanah Abang market. It was a wonderful way to connect with people directly. He recently launched an online &#8220;e-Blusukan&#8221; so that he can connect with all Indonesians online in a similar way across the archipelago.</p></blockquote> <p>Then he wrote about the value of the Internet to improve the lives of Indonesians:</p> <blockquote><p>I’ve had the opportunity to meet many people here and talk to them about how they’re using the internet. Many are already using the internet to build businesses, improve their communities and connect with the world. If we can connect everyone in Indonesia, these benefits will only continue to grow.</p> <p>— at <a href="https://www.facebook.com/pages/Tanah-Abang/434273913306036" data-hovercard="/ajax/hovercard/page.php?id=434273913306036">Tanah Abang</a>.</p></blockquote> <p>Many are hoping that Zuckerberg&#39;s visit will&nbsp;<a href="http://www.todayonline.com/world/asia/mark-zuckerberg-pushes-more-internet-access-indonesia">encourage</a> Indonesia&#39;s incoming government to fast-track the improvement of Internet connectivity in the country, and more importantly, promote greater Internet freedom.</p> <p>There are high expectations that the Jokowi presidency may reverse some of the Internet regulations implemented by the incumbent government, especially those that undermine free speech in the country. For instance, while authorities extol the importance of the Internet, the Ministry of Communication and Informatics (Kemenkominfo) has launched the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/2012/indonesia">Trust+</a> program which obliges service providers to use DNS filtering systems in an effort to filter pornographic content from local networks. <a href="http://www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/2012/indonesia#.VD6kwovF-Do">Technical and ad hoc testing indicate</a> that the filters also capture perfectly legal, non-pornographic content such as sexual education and LGBT community websites. The government has also <a href="https://citizenlab.org/2014/05/blocking-vimeo-indonesia/">blocked video sharing site Vimeo</a>, charging that it hosts pornography, despite the fact that the site explicitly forbids this in its terms of service.</p> <p>This program was initiated by former Minsiter Tifatul Sembiring who is a member of the Prosperous Justice Party, an Islamist political party, inspired in part by previous leadership of Egypt&#39;s Muslim Brotherhood.</p> <p>Roughly&nbsp;<a href="http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/01/15/number-ri-internet-users-increases-7119-million-2013-apjii.html">28 percent of indonesians</a>&nbsp;now use the Internet, with the majority accessing the Web via smartphone. There are 69 million Facebook users in Indonesia and they are among the most active social media users in Southeast Asia. Despite Internet connectivity issues, Indonesia seeks to increase Internet literacy in the country by 50 percent in 2015.</p> <p class='gv-rss-footer'><span class='credit-text'><span class="contributor">Written by <a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/carolina-rumuat/' class='user-link' title='View all posts by Carolina'>Carolina</a></span></span> &middot; <span class="commentcount"><a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/15/facebooks-zuckerberg-promotes-greater-internet-access-in-indonesia/#comments" title="comments">comments (0) </a></span><br /><a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/donate/' title='read Donate' >Donate</a> &middot; <span class='share-links-text'><span class='share-links-label'>Share this: </span> <a class='share-link' href='http://twitter.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F15%2Ffacebooks-zuckerberg-promotes-greater-internet-access-in-indonesia%2F&#038;text=Facebook%27s+Zuckerberg+Promotes+Greater+Internet+Access+in+Indonesia&#038;via=globalvoices' id='gv-st_twitter' title='twitter' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>twitter</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://www.facebook.com/share.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F15%2Ffacebooks-zuckerberg-promotes-greater-internet-access-in-indonesia%2F' id='gv-st_facebook' title='facebook' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>facebook</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F15%2Ffacebooks-zuckerberg-promotes-greater-internet-access-in-indonesia%2F&#038;title=Facebook%27s+Zuckerberg+Promotes+Greater+Internet+Access+in+Indonesia' id='gv-st_reddit' title='reddit' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>reddit</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='https://plus.google.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F15%2Ffacebooks-zuckerberg-promotes-greater-internet-access-in-indonesia%2F' id='gv-st_googleplus' title='googleplus' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>googleplus</span></a></span> </p> <div style="display: block !important; margin:0 !important; padding: 0 !important" id="wpp_popup_post_end_element"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/15/facebooks-zuckerberg-promotes-greater-internet-access-in-indonesia/" target="_blank">http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/15/facebooks-zuckerberg-promotes-greater-i...</a> </div> </div> </div> Bahasa Carolina censorship Citizen East Asia English Feature Freedom of Speech Global Voices Advocacy Indonesia Indonesia Jakarta Technology U.S.A. Weblog Wed, 15 Oct 2014 16:55:53 +0000 feed 340116 at http://newsmotion.org Brazilian Man Accused of High Profile Revenge-Porn Case Only Gets 5 Months Community Service http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/brazilian-man-accused-high-profile-revenge-porn-case-only-gets-5-months-community-serv <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Brazilian Man Accused of High Profile Revenge-Porn Case Only Gets 5 Months Community Service </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Mon, 10/13/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div id="attachment_493786" class="wp-caption aligncenter" style="width: 698px"><a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/aigle_dore/4089511514/in/photolist-7enPid-7sYYEA-6RyMSK-EkDVb-6ox3Gt-pqBizr-bQW1qX-dBda5d-zL1rU-trxNh-jzNbWS-qJ5gz-85aW7-8AiKNt-z78Mi-4A8L2j-EWwSX-pAZUn-fsSXSP-pjPQb-js11U-5Fjfj2-gsGN79-74Grdf-9AqK4J-atHcjJ-tsgAA-eyJd7-2PtGyG-4SM5k7-ddXm8N-4nJNUs-aqPhko-5Fon4S-5XU6S3-KATfY-dANTPA-fpFes-6wRQrs-6nMiK5-6noyFU-peKDv-qx9Kn-5ZGo5G-fGiud7-mphU1N-2hfLti-sZomP-3SFFJ9-fRAU1"><img class="size-full wp-image-493786" alt="Image by Flickr user Moyan Brenn. CC.BY - 2.0" src="http://globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/4089511514_3baff184de_b.jpg" width="698" height="1024" /></a><p class="wp-caption-text">Image by Flickr user Moyan Brenn. CC.BY &#8211; 2.0</p></div> <p>A year ago Brazilian university student Fran let her then boyfriend Sérgio Henrique Alves make a video with his phone while she performed oral sex on him.&nbsp;He proceeded to <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2013/10/22/brazil-sex-tape-whatsapp-meme-forcafran/">spread the video </a>through Whatsapp.&nbsp;After memes humiliating 22 year-old Fran popped up all across the Brazilian internet, the case was taken to court.</p> <p>This week, a verdict was finally reached.&nbsp;Sérgio&nbsp;was sentenced to 5 months of community service. As Brazil does not have a law for&nbsp;revenge-porn, Sérgio was prosecuted on the basis of libel and defamation.</p> <p>The trial left Fran devastated. After having her life turned upside down –&nbsp;she lost her job at a retail store and had to stop attending university – she believes the sentence was disproportionate to the damage she and her family suffered. She told the TV news station Globo that Sérgio left court<a href="http://g1.globo.com/goias/noticia/2014/10/suspeito-de-divulgar-video-de-sexo-faz-acordo-na-justica-em-goiania.html"> &#8220;laughing at her face&#8221;</a>. Yesterday, <a href="https://www.facebook.com/apoioafran">she posted a testimony on Facebook page “Apoio Fran”</a> [Supporting Fran] and urged people to help pressure the Congress to approve a law that tackles revenge-porn specifically&nbsp;</p> <blockquote><p>Oi gente! Queria agradecer de coração pelo apoio, que sempre foi fundamental para mim, e falar que a nossa luta não terminou. Desde o início, eu sabia que não ia dar em nada, infelizmente. Mas a esperança é sempre a última que morre e eu&nbsp;continuei por saber que várias mulheres passam e vão passar por isso. Eu vou lutar por uma lei que proteja essas vítimas, para que a pena seja proporcional ao dano causado.&nbsp;<br /> Vocês serão fundamentais para que isso aconteça! Mais do que nunca preciso de vocês ao meu lado! A lei Maria da Penha Virtual precisa existir ou até a lei Fran Santos, e eu prometo que eu não vou desistir!<br /> A lei pode ser criada se houver 1% de assinaturas do eleitorado nacional. Nós temos a constituição do nosso lado! Mas para isso precisamos de no mínimo 1,36 milhão de assinaturas e um deputado que nos ajude. Onde estão aqueles deputados que tanto disseram que iriam me ajudar ?&nbsp;<br /> De um jeito ou de outros nós vamos conseguir isso. Pode demorar, mas vamos conseguir!</p></blockquote> <blockquote class="translation"><p>Hi, guys! I wanted to thank everyone from all my heart for all the support, which was so important to me, and also to say that our struggle isn&#39;t over. Since the beginning I knew nothing was going to happen to him. But hope dies last and I held on because I know many women might go through the same as I did. I will fight for a law that can protect those victims and that the punishment to the perpetrators are fit to the damage made. You guys are vital for this to happen! More than ever I need you by my side. We need an internet version of Maria da Penha Law [law against domestic violence], or maybe even a &#8220;Fran Santos Law&#8221; and I promise I won&#39;t give up! The law could be created if we had 1% of the national population in signatures, which is 1,36 million. We have the Constitution by our side! But we also need a legislator to help us. Where are those deputies who said they would help me? One way or another, we&#39;ll do this. It might take long, but we can do it.</p></blockquote> <div id="attachment_493532" class="wp-caption alignnone" style="width: 500px"><a href="https://www.facebook.com/apoioafran/photos/pb.607763559270098.-2207520000.1412992904./611910412188746/?type=3&amp;theater"><img class="size-full wp-image-493532" alt="Image from the Facebook page Apoio Fran. “Because we are all Fran, against sexism as a form of comedy and sex as a taboo.”" src="http://globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/apoiofran.jpg" width="500" height="600" /></a><p class="wp-caption-text">Image from the Facebook page Apoio Fran. “Because we are all Fran, against sexism as a form of comedy and sex as a taboo.”</p></div> <p>Fran has created a <a href="http://www.peticaopublica.com.br/search.aspx?q=Fran+Santos">public petition </a>on the Petição Pública website for the creation of a new law. At the moment the petition has 1220 signatures.&nbsp;She also says she will sue her offender (now that the criminal prosecution is over) for <a href="http://g1.globo.com/goias/noticia/2014/10/jovem-vai-mover-nova-acao-contra-suspeito-de-divulgar-video-de-sexo.html">moral and material damages</a>, since she hasn&#39;t been able to find another job ever since the incident last year. She told the news website G1:</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;Já até procurei emprego em outros lugares. Mas quando olham meu currículo, veem meu nome e onde eu trabalhei, se lembram do que aconteceu e não chamam.</p></blockquote> <blockquote class="translation"><p>I have looked for jobs in other places. But when they look at my CV, when they see my name and where I used to work, they remember what has happened and don&#39;t call me back.</p></blockquote> <p>Ex-footballer and now re-elected senator Romário has proposed a law project that makes the <a href="http://www.romario.org/portfolio/all/pornografia-de-vinganca/">improper spreading of intimate material a specific criminal&nbsp;offense.</a> According to the project, perpetrators could face up to three years in jail and be obliged to compensate the victim in any material damages resulting from moving houses, losing a job and any medical or psychological treatments they might need to go through.</p> <p class='gv-rss-footer'><span class='credit-text'><span class="contributor">Written by <a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/taisa-sganzerla/' class='user-link' title='View all posts by Taisa Sganzerla'>Taisa Sganzerla</a></span></span> &middot; <span class="commentcount"><a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/13/brazilian-man-accused-of-high-profile-revenge-porn-case-only-gets-5-months-community-service/#comments" title="comments">comments (2) </a></span><br /><a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/donate/' title='read Donate' >Donate</a> &middot; <span class='share-links-text'><span class='share-links-label'>Share this: </span> <a class='share-link' href='http://twitter.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F13%2Fbrazilian-man-accused-of-high-profile-revenge-porn-case-only-gets-5-months-community-service%2F&#038;text=Brazilian+Man+Accused+of+High+Profile+Revenge-Porn+Case+Only+Gets+5+Months+Community+Service&#038;via=globalvoices' id='gv-st_twitter' title='twitter' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>twitter</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://www.facebook.com/share.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F13%2Fbrazilian-man-accused-of-high-profile-revenge-porn-case-only-gets-5-months-community-service%2F' id='gv-st_facebook' title='facebook' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>facebook</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F13%2Fbrazilian-man-accused-of-high-profile-revenge-porn-case-only-gets-5-months-community-service%2F&#038;title=Brazilian+Man+Accused+of+High+Profile+Revenge-Porn+Case+Only+Gets+5+Months+Community+Service' id='gv-st_reddit' title='reddit' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>reddit</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='https://plus.google.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F13%2Fbrazilian-man-accused-of-high-profile-revenge-porn-case-only-gets-5-months-community-service%2F' id='gv-st_googleplus' title='googleplus' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>googleplus</span></a></span> </p> <div style="display: block !important; margin:0 !important; padding: 0 !important" id="wpp_popup_post_end_element"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/13/brazilian-man-accused-of-high-profile-revenge-porn-case-only-gets-5-months-community-service/" target="_blank">http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/13/brazilian-man-accused-of-high-profile-r...</a> </div> </div> </div> Brazil Brazil Citizen Latin America Nome Portuguese Santos Taisa Sganzerla Technology Weblog Women & Gender Mon, 13 Oct 2014 17:37:11 +0000 feed 339554 at http://newsmotion.org Will the Right to Be Forgotten Inspire Repressive Regimes to Expand Internet Censorship? http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/will-right-be-forgotten-inspire-repressive-regimes-expand-internet-censorship <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Will the Right to Be Forgotten Inspire Repressive Regimes to Expand Internet Censorship? </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Mon, 10/13/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><em>The original version of this post appeared on the <a href="http://igmena.org/Right-to-Be-Forgotten">IGMENA blog</a>.</em></p> <p>The EU’s “right to be forgotten” has left many advocates in the Arab region&nbsp;fearful that governments will exploit the law to further curtail freedom of information and expression on the Internet.</p> <div id="attachment_493775" class="wp-caption alignright" style="width: 514px"><a href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ABen_Ali%2C_Bush%2C_February_18%2C_2004.jpg"><img class="size-full wp-image-493775" alt="Ben Ali meets with George W. Bush in Washington, DC, 2004. Photo by Paul Morse, released to public domain." src="http://globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Ben_Ali_Bush_February_18_2004.jpg" width="514" height="385" /></a><p class="wp-caption-text">Ben Ali meets with George W. Bush in Washington, DC, 2004. Photo by Paul Morse, released to public domain.</p></div> <p>The ruling allows EU citizens to request that search engines de-index links to personal information <a href="http://igmena.org/#_edn1">deemed</a>&nbsp;“inaccurate, inadequate, irrelevant or excessive”&nbsp;so that it does not appear in search results.&nbsp;The court clarified that the right to be forgotten “is not absolute” and a case-by-case assessment is needed to make sure that an individual’s right to be forgotten does not infringe on the public’s right to know.&nbsp;</p> <p>But since the ruling, <a href="https://www.google.com/transparencyreport/removals/europeprivacy/faq/?hl=en">Google reports</a>&nbsp;that it has received over <a href="http://www.irishtimes.com/news/crime-and-law/google-right-to-be-forgotten-rejections-to-be-investigated-1.1948350">135,000 requests</a> for removal of links from its search results. In August, the world’s largest search engine announced that it had approved just over 50% of requests received. These included&nbsp;links to <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-28130581">legitimate journalistic work</a> and news articles published by the BBC, the Guardian, and <a href="http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2678376/Google-deletes-MailOnline-searches-lying-referee-right-forgotten-kicks-European-searches.html">the Daily Mail</a>, some of which were reinstated in response to journalists&#8217; objections. The company periodically releases selective data about the process, which can be found <a href="https://www.google.com/transparencyreport/removals/europeprivacy/">here</a>.</p> <p><b>What if such a policy were to take hold in the Arab region?</b><br /> Although its implementation is currently only limited to Europe, the “right to be forgotten” ruling could inspire repressive regimes to expand their Internet filtering practices.&nbsp;“It will be used by other governments that aren’t as forward and progressive as Europe to do bad things,” Google’s CEO Larry Page <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/may/30/larry-page-right-to-be-forgotten-government-repression">warned in late May</a>.</p> <p>In an email interview, Dhouha Ben Youssef, a Tunisian net freedom and privacy advocate wrote that she agreed with Page.</p> <p>“These governments will take advantage from this directive. Powerful people will be able to hide disgraceful actions for their own e-reputation. For example, politicians could ask for the removal of posts that criticize their policies and power misuse,” Ben Youssef explained. “It will largely impact the investigative journalism emerging in the region.”</p> <p>There is no reason why Arab governments couldn’t put in place their own “right to be forgotten” model, if they wanted to. All they have to do is draft another repressive law or simply order ISPs to block content violating the controversial principle.</p> <p>Governments in the region already deploy strict libel laws and broad privacy protections with no legal oversight or appeal mechanisms. These policies systematically deny users access to information and serve to prosecute those who reveal misconduct or wrongdoing by state officials and other powerful actors. Last spring, Social Media Exchange conducted an <a href="http://www.smex.org/getting-a-grasp/">in-depth study</a> on these types of laws &#8212; their work could serve as a roadmap for advocates seeking to preclude lawmaking in this direction.</p> <p><strong>The UAE&#39;s Cybercrime Decree lays the groundwork</strong><br /> In 2012, the UAE passed <a href="http://gulfnews.com/news/gulf/uae/government/full-text-of-uae-decree-on-combating-cyber-crimes-1.1104040">Federal Legal Decree No. 5/2012</a> on combating cyber crimes, allegedly to “provide legal protection of privacy of all information published online.”</p> <p>However, like many other repressive laws approved by Arab regimes over the years, this law is yet another tool to legitimize suppression of online speech and political dissent.</p> <p>The decree includes an exhaustive list of illegal activities, all criminalized under a mantle of privacy protection. It outlaws:</p> <blockquote><p>&#8230;using an electronic network or any information technology means for the unwarranted violation of the privacy of others by eavesdropping, intercepting, recording or disclosing conversations, communications, audio and video material; taking photographs of others, creating electronic photos of others, disclosing, copying or saving them; publishing news, electronic photographs or photographs or scenes, comments, data and information even if they are authentic.</p></blockquote> <p>The right to be forgotten and the UAE’s decree No. 5/2012 have one dangerous point in common: they both restrict the dissemination of authentic content for the purpose of protecting the privacy rights of others. In the Arab region the aim appears to be to conceal evidence of misconduct by politicians and public officials. While in the EU the right to be forgotten is supposedly aimed at protecting private individuals, the fact that former EU politicians are entitled to exercise the right to be forgotten is troubling.&nbsp;</p> <p>The Internet and the world should not forget the disgraceful acts and corruption of politicians once they leave office. We have all seen how public officials are tempted again by power shortly after they leave office. Former French president Nicolas Sarkozy recently announced his political comeback despite corruption allegations against him. In Tunisia, where <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/afef-abrougui/">I work as a freelance journalist</a>, officials who served under the former autocratic and corrupt rule of Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali are making a comeback to the political scene and running for legislative and presidential elections.&nbsp;</p> <p>One might argue that Internet filtering is already rampant in the region and that the EU’s right to be forgotten ruling is not going to improve or worsen the situation. This is true to some extent, but the level of Internet filtering practices differ from one country to another. While some governments practice extensive Internet filtering, others are keeping it at minimum levels.</p> <p>In Tunisia, for example, the Internet has remained open and relatively uncensored since the ousting of Ben Ali. Yet a number of government officials still advocate for the reinstatement of filtering practices to combat “defamation” and “terrorism.” Soon, they may begin to call for the filtering of the Internet to protect the right to be forgotten of others, arguing that even &#8220;democratic&#8221; Europe enshrines this right.&nbsp;</p> <p><b>Dictators have plenty to learn from&nbsp;undemocratic practices of “Western democracies&#8221;</b><br /> <b></b>“For Reporters Without Borders (RWB), if they show me how France monitors the cyberspace, we will commit ourselves to do better.” <a href="http://www.thd.tn/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=3724:tunisie-4-3-mdt-en-telesurveillance-pour-combattre-la-contrebande-et-controler-les-frontieres&amp;catid=58:websphere&amp;Itemid=88">Such was the response</a> of former ICTs minister Mongi Marzouk, when <a href="http://en.rsf.org/tunisia-authorities-urged-to-rescind-02-12-2013,45531.html">RWB criticized</a> the Tunisian government for setting up the controversial <a href="http://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2013/11/26/will-tunisias-att-ring-in-a-new-era-of-mass-surveillance/">Technical Telecommunications Agency</a>, tasked with investigating “ICT crimes.”</p> <p>“This law took as reference the Budapest Convention [on Cybercrime],” <a href="http://www.thd.tn/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=3790:le-ministere-des-tic-a-t-il-vraiment-travaille-pour-le-developpement-de-l-internet-en-tunisie&amp;catid=58:websphere&amp;Itemid=88">Marzouk said</a> in defence of the decree establishing the agency. Although the Budapest Convention marked a significant step forward in building international legal standards for cybercrime, it is far from perfect &#8212; many advocates believe the Convention lacks sufficient protections for non-malicious use of certain technologies.</p> <p>Arab government officials do not hesitate to claim that their practices or laws are as democratic as those of Europe, even when they are not. They also learn from the undemocratic practices of “Western democracies.” Just as the NSA’s mass spying practices can <a href="https://www.dissidentblog.org/en/articles/nsas-espionage-can-aid-dictatorships">aid dictatorships,</a>&nbsp;so can the right to be forgotten.&nbsp;</p> <p>EU legislators need to keep in mind that each law they draft could either inspire pro-democracy reformers in lesser democratic countries or incite dictators to “do bad things.” It is up to them to choose a side.</p> <p class='gv-rss-footer'><span class='credit-text'><span class="contributor">Written by <a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/afef-abrougui/' class='user-link' title='View all posts by Afef Abrougui'>Afef Abrougui</a></span></span> &middot; <span class="commentcount"><a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/13/will-the-right-to-be-forgotten-inspire-repressive-regimes-to-expand-internet-censorship/#comments" title="comments">comments (0) </a></span><br /><a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/donate/' title='read Donate' >Donate</a> &middot; <span class='share-links-text'><span class='share-links-label'>Share this: </span> <a class='share-link' href='http://twitter.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F13%2Fwill-the-right-to-be-forgotten-inspire-repressive-regimes-to-expand-internet-censorship%2F&#038;text=Will+the+Right+to+Be+Forgotten+Inspire+Repressive+Regimes+to+Expand+Internet+Censorship%3F&#038;via=globalvoices' id='gv-st_twitter' title='twitter' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>twitter</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://www.facebook.com/share.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F13%2Fwill-the-right-to-be-forgotten-inspire-repressive-regimes-to-expand-internet-censorship%2F' id='gv-st_facebook' title='facebook' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>facebook</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F13%2Fwill-the-right-to-be-forgotten-inspire-repressive-regimes-to-expand-internet-censorship%2F&#038;title=Will+the+Right+to+Be+Forgotten+Inspire+Repressive+Regimes+to+Expand+Internet+Censorship%3F' id='gv-st_reddit' title='reddit' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>reddit</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='https://plus.google.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F13%2Fwill-the-right-to-be-forgotten-inspire-repressive-regimes-to-expand-internet-censorship%2F' id='gv-st_googleplus' title='googleplus' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>googleplus</span></a></span> </p> <div style="display: block !important; margin:0 !important; padding: 0 !important" id="wpp_popup_post_end_element"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/13/will-the-right-to-be-forgotten-inspire-repressive-regimes-to-expand-internet-censorship/" target="_blank">http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/13/will-the-right-to-be-forgotten-inspire-...</a> </div> </div> </div> Afef Abrougui Budapest censorship Citizen France Freedom of Speech Global Voices Advocacy Law Technology Tunisia Tunisia United Arab Emirates Washington Western Europe Mon, 13 Oct 2014 16:18:17 +0000 feed 338956 at http://newsmotion.org Colombia's “Citizen Porfolio” Program Could Infringe Privacy Rights (And More) http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/colombias-%E2%80%9Ccitizen-porfolio%E2%80%9D-program-could-infringe-privacy-rights-and-more <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Colombia&#039;s “Citizen Porfolio” Program Could Infringe Privacy Rights (And More) </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Mon, 10/13/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div id="attachment_256411" class="wp-caption aligncenter" style="width: 1024px"><img class="size-full wp-image-256411" alt="Foto en Flickr del usuario Kevin LaBianco (CC BY 2.0)." src="http://es.globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/WhoWatches.jpg" width="1024" height="612" /><p class="wp-caption-text"><span><span><span><span>Image by </span></span></span></span><a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/kevinl8888/2433102820"><span><span><span><span>Kevin LaBianco</span></span></span></span></a><span><span><span><span>&nbsp;via Flickr (CC BY 2.0).</span></span></span></span></p></div> <p>Under the &#8220;Live Digital&#8221; initiative,&nbsp;Colombian Minister of Information and Communication Technologies Diego Molano&nbsp;is pushing a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.semana.com/tecnologia/articulo/cada-colombiano-tendra-un-email-oficial/402110-3">policy program</a>&nbsp;under which the government will bestow upon each citizen a “digital portfolio,” where all of one’s personal data held by the state, ranging from state identification and passport numbers to tax information and health data, would be stored together and come with a unique government-issued email address.</p> <p>Although conceived as a pathway to greater efficiency in communication between government agencies and reduction of paper use, the policy has raised concern that it may leave citizens vulnerable to greater government surveillance or to malicious hacking.</p> <p>One <a href="http://www.vivedigital.gov.co/2014-2018/proposito.php?lg=35">concerned citizen</a>, a Colombian industrial engineer named Pedro Rivera, filed an <a href="http://redpatodos.co/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/CarpetaCiudadana.pdf">information request</a>&nbsp;with&nbsp;the Minister of Information and Communication Technologies in an effort to obtain information on various aspects of the project. Rivera filed the request with the support of the digital rights collective “RedPaTodos”, which advocates for absolute transparency on matters of public policymaking. Rivera argues that the initiative should be repealed or subject to public review and approval before being implemented.</p> <p>On&nbsp;<a href="https://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?depth=1&amp;hl=es&amp;ie=UTF8&amp;prev=_t&amp;rurl=translate.google.com&amp;sl=es&amp;tl=en&amp;u=http://pastebin.com/iC76Gqff&amp;usg=ALkJrhhwLdv6ArKpyZ2Fe-xh4HWgMCaEAQ">Pastebin</a>, Rivera acknowledges the potential conveniences offered by the system but rejects certain aspects of the system, noting that they could lead to different kinds of abuse and infringe human rights. This paragraph references the revelations of <a href="http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Snowden">Edward Snowden</a>, as they relate to Google:</p> <blockquote><p>Todo esto significa que básicamente toda tu existencia ante el estado se reduce a una cuenta de “Google”. Como sabemos por las revelaciones de <a href="http://www.thedrum.com/news/2014/07/19/edward-snowden-google-shouldnt-be-trusted-without-verifying-what-their-activities-0">Edward Snowden</a>, “Google” tiene pleno poder de leer información, analizarla, copiarla, venderla o cerrar cuentas sin más ni más. Si sustituimos a “Google” por una empresa privada controlada a través de concesiones por el gobierno colombiano, que nos podemos esperar?</p></blockquote> <blockquote class="translation"><p>This basically means that your entire existence before the state is reduced to a &#8220;Google&#8221; account. As we know from the revelations made by Edward Snowden, &#8220;Google&#8221; has full power to read information, analyze, copy, sell it or close accounts without further ado. If we replace &#8220;Google&#8221; with a private company [ostensibly controlled by] the Colombian government, what we can expect?</p></blockquote> <p>RedPaTodos published&nbsp;<a href="http://redpatodos.co/blog/preocupaciones-y-propuestas-sobre-la-carpeta-ciudadana/">&#8220;Concerns and Proposals on the Citizen Portfolio initiative,&#8221;</a>&nbsp;affirming&nbsp;its support for the petition and broader initiative. They conclude:</p> <blockquote><p>Es claro que tenemos demasiadas preocupaciones y pocas claridades, algunas de estas preguntas vienen de la poca información concreta sobre el proyecto y otras más sobre la existencia de contratos que parecieran estar relacionados. Obvio, si ya hay contratos el margen de incidencia es mucho menor que si es una&nbsp; propuesta abierta para el debate y su mejoramiento. Hemos realizado una recopilación de la información que creemos está relacionada con el proyecto pero sabemos que está incompleta. Ante la falta de certezas e información pública y veraz sobre este proyecto, hemos decidido presentar un derecho de petición a MinTIC solicitando más información y con esta definir una ruta posible para afectar esta propuesta buscando la garantía de nuestros derechos un espacio de diálogo inicialmente de nosotros, la idea es que pueda la sociedad involucrarse en la medida de lo posible y también otros colectivos y sectores.</p></blockquote> <blockquote class="translation"><p>It is clear that we have too many concerns and little clarity; some of these questions come from the little concrete information about the proposed policy and more about the existence of contracts that appear to be related. Obviously, if there are already contracts, the margin of incidence is much narrower than if it is open for discussion and possible improvement. We have made a collection of information that we believe is related to the project, but we know it&#39;s incomplete. In the absence of certainty and truthful information about this project, we have decided to invoke our right to petition and thus to petition the Ministry of Communication Technologies requesting more information about the program. [We propose to work with them] to set plan to carry out this proposal and to invoke our rights to develop a space for dialogue that will take place initially among key stakeholders, but that will ultimately allow society can be involved as much as possible and also another groups and sectors.</p></blockquote> <p>Human rights lawyer and Internet advocate Carolina Botero, writing for <a href="http://www.elespectador.com/opinion/ciudadanos-preguntan-columna-521499">El Espectador</a>, expressed concern about the silence that the ICT Ministry has maintained surrounding the issue. She also highlighted comments <a href="http://karisma.org.co/?p=4407">published on the website of Fundacion Karisma</a>, a digital rights organization under her leadership:&nbsp;</p> <blockquote><p>[...] “el Proyecto Carpeta Digital se llevará a cabo mediante una alianza público-privada. Esta metodología no solo es imprecisa, sino que revela una de las mayores preocupaciones que tiene la sociedad civil respecto al derecho a la intimidad”. Como el propio plan decía poco del proyecto, nos quedamos pendientes de la respuesta del MinTic a los comentarios (que aún esperamos) y, sobre todo, a la presentación del documento final que se haga revisando el plan con base en los comentarios de la ciudadanía para analizarlo integralmente.</p></blockquote> <blockquote class="translation"><p>[…] The Citizen Portfolio Project will be implemented through a public-private partnership. This methodology is not only imprecise, but also it reveals one of the biggest concerns of civil society regarding the right to privacy. As the plan itself said few about the project, we were waiting for the response to comments MinTic (we are still waiting) and, above all, for the presentation of the final document, and that this may be carried out by reviewing the plan, based on public comment to analyze it integrally.</p></blockquote> <p>So far, there have been no responses from the national government. For citizens, the wait continues.</p> <p class='gv-rss-footer'><span class='credit-text'><span class="contributor">Written by <a href='http://es.globalvoicesonline.org/author/lully-posada/' class='user-link' title='View all posts by Lully'>Lully</a></span> &middot; <span class="contributor">Translated by <a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/lully-posada/' class='url user-link' title='View all posts by Lully Posada'>Lully Posada</a></span></span> &middot; <span class='source-link'><a href='http://es.globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/10/carpeta-ciudadana-iniciativa-de-proyecto-digital-que-preocupa-a-muchos-en-colombia/' title='View original post [es]'>View original post [es]</a></span> &middot; <span class="commentcount"><a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/13/colombias-citizen-porfolio-program-could-infringe-privacy-rights-and-more/#comments" title="comments">comments (0) </a></span><br /><a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/donate/' title='read Donate' >Donate</a> &middot; <span class='share-links-text'><span class='share-links-label'>Share this: </span> <a class='share-link' href='http://twitter.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F13%2Fcolombias-citizen-porfolio-program-could-infringe-privacy-rights-and-more%2F&#038;text=Colombia%27s+%22Citizen+Porfolio%22+Program+Could+Infringe+Privacy+Rights+%28And+More%29&#038;via=globalvoices' id='gv-st_twitter' title='twitter' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>twitter</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://www.facebook.com/share.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F13%2Fcolombias-citizen-porfolio-program-could-infringe-privacy-rights-and-more%2F' id='gv-st_facebook' title='facebook' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>facebook</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F13%2Fcolombias-citizen-porfolio-program-could-infringe-privacy-rights-and-more%2F&#038;title=Colombia%27s+%22Citizen+Porfolio%22+Program+Could+Infringe+Privacy+Rights+%28And+More%29' id='gv-st_reddit' title='reddit' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>reddit</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='https://plus.google.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F13%2Fcolombias-citizen-porfolio-program-could-infringe-privacy-rights-and-more%2F' id='gv-st_googleplus' title='googleplus' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>googleplus</span></a></span> </p> <div style="display: block !important; margin:0 !important; padding: 0 !important" id="wpp_popup_post_end_element"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/13/colombias-citizen-porfolio-program-could-infringe-privacy-rights-and-more/" target="_blank">http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/13/colombias-citizen-porfolio-program-coul...</a> </div> </div> </div> Citizen Citizen Media Colombia English Feature Global Voices Advocacy Latin America Lully Posada Spanish Technology Weblog Mon, 13 Oct 2014 15:43:50 +0000 feed 338958 at http://newsmotion.org The White House Joins Medium http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/white-house-joins-medium <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> The White House Joins Medium </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Thu, 10/09/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p class="p1"><a href="https://medium.com/@PresidentObama/why-im-betting-on-you-to-help-shape-the-new-american-economy-e80a775b44ee"><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/20141009_potus_medium.png" /></a></p> <p class="p1">We&#39;re really excited to announce that&nbsp;the White House joined <a href="https://medium.com/@WhiteHouse/the-white-house-joins-medium-ffa5da21877a">Medium</a>, a new, self-publishing platform&nbsp;that encourages people to share ideas and stories that matter. And today, ahead of his visit to a tech hub in Los Angeles, the President published&nbsp;his very first post. The post talks about the new American economy and the innovations that are driving it forward -- and, specifically, what&nbsp;that economy looks like for Millennials:</p> <blockquote><p>&quot;You may have graduated into the worst recession since the Great Depression, but today &ndash; for all the challenges you&rsquo;ve already faced, and after all the grueling work it&rsquo;s taken to bounce back -- you&rsquo;re in the best position to break into the newest sectors of the new American economy.&quot;</p> </blockquote> <p class="p1"><a href="http://medium.com/@PresidentObama/why-im-betting-on-you-to-help-shape-the-new-american-economy-e80a775b44ee">You can check out the President&#39;s full post on Medium </a><a href="https://medium.com/@PresidentObama/why-im-betting-on-you-to-help-shape-the-new-american-economy-e80a775b44ee">here</a>. Then, <a href="https://medium.com/@whitehouse">follow us</a> and make sure you keep the conversation going. Here&#39;s why:</p> <p><a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/10/09/white-house-joins-medium" target="_blank">read more</a></p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/10/09/white-house-joins-medium" target="_blank">http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/10/09/white-house-joins-medium</a> </div> </div> </div> College Affordability Economy Education Equal Pay Higher Education Jobs Kori Schulman Lindsay Holst Lindsay Holst and Kori Schulman Los Angeles Los Angeles Official skills Technology The President White House Women Working Families Young Americans Thu, 09 Oct 2014 16:28:40 +0000 feed 338486 at http://newsmotion.org Online Platform ‘Txeka La’ Challenges Mozambicans to Be Election Observers http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/online-platform-%E2%80%98txeka-la%E2%80%99-challenges-mozambicans-be-election-observers <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Online Platform ‘Txeka La’ Challenges Mozambicans to Be Election Observers </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Wed, 10/08/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div id="attachment_492998" class="wp-caption aligncenter" style="width: 800px"><a href="https://www.facebook.com/TxekaMoz/photos/pb.286569831526318.-2207520000.1412710617./310241922492442/?type=1&amp;theater"><img class="size-large wp-image-492998" alt="&quot;Every citizen can be an observer.&quot; Image from Txeka's Facebook page. " src="http://globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/txeka-800x532.jpg" width="800" height="532" /></a><p class="wp-caption-text">&#8220;Every citizen can be an observer.&#8221; Image from Txeka&#39;s Facebook page.</p></div> <p style="text-align: left;">Mozambicans can now help keep a watchful eye on upcoming elections from their local region using online platform &#8220;<a href="http://www.facebook.com/TxekaMoz?fref=photo">Txeka&nbsp;Lá</a>&#8220;<em>&nbsp;</em>(local Portuguese slang for “Check it”)<em>. </em>Created by a group of local civilian organisations, Txeka Lá aims for more transparency and promotes non-violence in the current elections by asking people to report any suspicious acts they see firsthand.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">Elections are scheduled for October 15. According to National Election Committee&nbsp;(<a href="http://www.stae.org.mz/index.php/en/" target="_blank">CNE</a>&nbsp;- Portuguese acronym), around&nbsp;<a href="https://www.facebook.com/CNE.STAE.Mocambique/photos/a.253903804666670.67908.248960781827639/702072356516477/?type=1&amp;theater" target="_blank">11 million people</a>&nbsp;will be eligible to vote for the country&#39;s next government, which will remain in power for a term of five years.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">The political landscape of Mozambique bears the scars of a 15-year-long civil war following independence from Portugal in 1975. <a href="http://www.pev-sadc.eu/index.php/2013-09-18-07-31-58/mozambique" target="_blank">The country held its first democratic elections in 1994.</a>&nbsp;Since then, election periods have witnessed episodes of violence.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">In some regions of Mozambique,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.dw.de/vandalismo-e-detenções-marcam-caça-ao-voto-na-zambézia/a-17923004" target="_blank">violence has recently been reported between members of main opposition parties</a>.&nbsp;Officials and many civilian organisations, such as Txeka Lá, are thus&nbsp;<a href="http://www.dw.de/em-moçambique-cne-dialoga-com-candidatos-às-presidenciais-por-causa-da-violência/a-17935438" target="_blank">working to stop the violence</a> and make these upcoming elections more transparent. &nbsp;</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p>Todo o cidadão pode ser um observador, registando factos cujas evidências podem ser imagens, vídeos e relatos <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Txeka?src=hash">#Txeka</a> <a href="http://t.co/FjSVrnrb6q">pic.twitter.com/FjSVrnrb6q</a></p> <p>— Txeka (@TxekaMoz) <a href="https://twitter.com/TxekaMoz/status/509951678351937537">September 11, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <blockquote class="translation"><p>Any citizen can be an observer by recording the facts using images, videos and reports</p></blockquote> <p style="text-align: left;">Txeka Lá mainly relies on social media sites like Facebook and Twitter to operate. Users can also send in reports via SMS, given that&nbsp;<a href="https://www.facebook.com/TxekaMoz/photos/a.295035464013088.1073741828.286569831526318/312648098918491/?type=1&amp;theater" target="_blank">Internet access rates are still very low in comparison to other neighbouring countries.</a>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: left;">The platform then takes the reports it receives to the authorities such as CNE and the police, so that they can take action.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p>Nestas eleições é preciso evitar todas as formas de violência. Registe todas as formas de violência e partilhe <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Txeka?src=hash">#Txeka</a> <a href="http://t.co/9seeBIb0Pr">pic.twitter.com/9seeBIb0Pr</a></p> <p>— Txeka (@TxekaMoz) <a href="https://twitter.com/TxekaMoz/status/514653347023159296">September 24, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <blockquote class="translation"><p>In these elections we need to prevent any kind of violence. Report all signs of violence by sharing it</p></blockquote> <p>&#8220;It is very important to know how to report a situation,&#8221; says the same organisation on their Facebook page:&nbsp;</p> <blockquote><p>A transparência só será possível se as pessoas tiverem a possibilidade de observar as eleições e souberem como fazê-los.</p></blockquote> <blockquote class="translation"><p>Transparency will only be possible if people are given the opportunity to watch and know how to observe.</p></blockquote> <p class='gv-rss-footer'><span class='credit-text'><span class="contributor">Written by <a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/manuel-ribeiro/' class='user-link' title='View all posts by Manuel Ribeiro'>Manuel Ribeiro</a></span></span> &middot; <span class="commentcount"><a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/08/online-platform-txeka-la-challenges-mozambicans-to-be-election-observers/#comments" title="comments">comments (0) </a></span><br /><a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/donate/' title='read Donate' >Donate</a> &middot; <span class='share-links-text'><span class='share-links-label'>Share this: </span> <a class='share-link' href='http://twitter.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F08%2Fonline-platform-txeka-la-challenges-mozambicans-to-be-election-observers%2F&#038;text=Online+Platform+%27Txeka+La%27+Challenges+Mozambicans+to+Be+Election+Observers&#038;via=globalvoices' id='gv-st_twitter' title='twitter' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>twitter</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://www.facebook.com/share.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F08%2Fonline-platform-txeka-la-challenges-mozambicans-to-be-election-observers%2F' id='gv-st_facebook' title='facebook' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>facebook</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F08%2Fonline-platform-txeka-la-challenges-mozambicans-to-be-election-observers%2F&#038;title=Online+Platform+%27Txeka+La%27+Challenges+Mozambicans+to+Be+Election+Observers' id='gv-st_reddit' title='reddit' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>reddit</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='https://plus.google.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F08%2Fonline-platform-txeka-la-challenges-mozambicans-to-be-election-observers%2F' id='gv-st_googleplus' title='googleplus' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>googleplus</span></a></span> </p> <div style="display: block !important; margin:0 !important; padding: 0 !important" id="wpp_popup_post_end_element"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/08/online-platform-txeka-la-challenges-mozambicans-to-be-election-observers/" target="_blank">http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/08/online-platform-txeka-la-challenges-moz...</a> </div> </div> </div> Citizen Citizen Media Élections English LANGUAGES Manuel Ribeiro Mozambique Politics Portugal Portuguese Technology Weblog Wed, 08 Oct 2014 16:19:06 +0000 feed 337782 at http://newsmotion.org In new iOS, Apple Introduces Five Indic Language Input Methods http://newsmotion.org/feed-story-en/new-ios-apple-introduces-five-indic-language-input-methods <div class="field field-type-text field-field-title"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> In new iOS, Apple Introduces Five Indic Language Input Methods </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datetime field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">Tue, 10/07/2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div id="attachment_492924" class="wp-caption aligncenter" style="width: 621px"><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grantha_alphabet#mediaviewer/File:Grantha_VowelComp.gif"><img src="http://globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Grantha_VowelComp.gif" alt="A comparison of some Indic scripts vs. Latin. Image via wikipedia . CC BY-SA 3.0" width="621" height="497" class="size-full wp-image-492924" /></a><p class="wp-caption-text">A comparison of some Indic scripts vs. Latin. Image via wikipedia . CC BY-SA 3.0</p></div> <p>In September 2014, Apple has launched the newest version of&nbsp;<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IOS_8" target="_blank">iOS 8</a>, an operating system for its iPod Touch, iPad and iPhone. Apart from other major additions for better usability, iOS 8 has a very important feature for non-Latin script based languages, <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Input_method" target="_blank">native input</a>. This was missing since long and will be a great advantage for the languages – lot many people will easily be able to type in their own languages. Be it microblogging, social media, email or contributing to any platform like Wikipedia, there was a lack of native inputs for a long time after the first iOS was launched. iOS 8 has support for 5 Indic scripts: Hindi, Bengali, Marathi, Tamil and Urdu for the first time since the launch of the Apple gadgets in the Indian subcontinent. Apart from language inputs, iOS also allows a user to change the interface language partially/fully to the user&#39;s native language which will better usability among many Asian users.</p> <p>Facebook user Jayanta Nath <a href="https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10204040607069910&#038;set=a.10202117962084987.1073741825.1065988978&#038;type=1">is excited</a> abut this addition:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10204040607069910&amp;set=a.10202117962084987.1073741825.1065988978&amp;type=1&amp;theater"><img src="http://globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Screen-Shot-2014-10-07-at-6.31.44-pm.png" alt="" width="518" height="416" class="aligncenter size-full wp-image-492934" /></a></p> <p>After update (of) iOS 8, it has added bengali default keyboards.</p></blockquote> <p class='gv-rss-footer'><span class='credit-text'><span class="contributor">Written by <a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/psubhashish/' class='user-link' title='View all posts by Subhashish Panigrahi'>Subhashish Panigrahi</a></span></span> &middot; <span class="commentcount"><a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/07/in-new-ios-apple-introduces-five-indic-language-input-methods/#comments" title="comments">comments (0) </a></span><br /><a href='http://globalvoicesonline.org/donate/' title='read Donate' >Donate</a> &middot; <span class='share-links-text'><span class='share-links-label'>Share this: </span> <a class='share-link' href='http://twitter.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F07%2Fin-new-ios-apple-introduces-five-indic-language-input-methods%2F&#038;text=In+new+iOS%2C+Apple+Introduces+Five+Indic+Language+Input+Methods&#038;via=globalvoices' id='gv-st_twitter' title='twitter' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>twitter</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://www.facebook.com/share.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F07%2Fin-new-ios-apple-introduces-five-indic-language-input-methods%2F' id='gv-st_facebook' title='facebook' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>facebook</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='http://reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F07%2Fin-new-ios-apple-introduces-five-indic-language-input-methods%2F&#038;title=In+new+iOS%2C+Apple+Introduces+Five+Indic+Language+Input+Methods' id='gv-st_reddit' title='reddit' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>reddit</span></a> <a class='share-link' href='https://plus.google.com/share?url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalvoicesonline.org%2F2014%2F10%2F07%2Fin-new-ios-apple-introduces-five-indic-language-input-methods%2F' id='gv-st_googleplus' title='googleplus' target="new" ><span class='share-icon-label'>googleplus</span></a></span> </p> <div style="display: block !important; margin:0 !important; padding: 0 !important" id="wpp_popup_post_end_element"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-link field-field-url"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Story URL:&nbsp;</div> <a href="http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/07/in-new-ios-apple-introduces-five-indic-language-input-methods/" target="_blank">http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/10/07/in-new-ios-apple-introduces-five-indic-...</a> </div> </div> </div> Citizen English India Language Quick Reads South Asia Subhashish Panigrahi Technology Tue, 07 Oct 2014 08:30:25 +0000 feed 337126 at http://newsmotion.org